Raynaud's Disease

(redirected from Raynaud's syndrome)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Raynaud's disease

[rā′nōz di‚zēz]
(medicine)
A usually bilateral disease of blood vessels, especially of the extremities; excited by cold or emotion, characterized by intermittent pallor, cyanosis, and redness, and generally accompanied by pain.

Raynaud’s Disease

 

(named for the French physician A. D. M. Raynaud, who described the disease in 1862), also Raynaud’s gangrene, a disease of humans associated with injury to the autonomic nervous system; the symptoms are pain and trophic disorders, with most frequent localization on the fingers of both hands.

The causes of Raynaud’s disease, which is found most often in young women, have not been established. There are three stages. In the first stage, the fingers, when exposed to cold, experience a burning sensation, ache, and turn pale. The attack lasts from several minutes to several hours. In the second stage, the attacks last longer, and the fingers turn blue. The final stage is marked by the appearance of blood blisters, at whose site there develop foci of necrosis and deep ulcers. In severe cases gangrene sets in, and one or more fingers fall off.

Diagnosis is based on the results of capillaroscopy, rheogra-phy of the extremities, and oscillography. Measurement of the skin temperature and the use of contrast-medium methods of examining the arteries are also important in diagnosis. In addition to Raynaud’s disease, one also distinguishes Raynaud’s phenomenon, which may be the initial symptom of other diseases, including various collagen diseases.

Raynaud’s disease is treated with vagosympathetic novocain blocks, ganglion-blocking preparations, nicotinic acid, rauna-tin, tranquilizers, and B-complex vitamins. Physiotherapy, including inductothermy, may be prescribed. Hydrogen-sulfide, brine, and radon baths are often used to treat the disease, as are mud packs and massages.

REFERENCES

Bekhtereva, N. P., A. V. Bondarchuk, and V. V. Zontov. Bolezn’ Reino. Leningrad, 1965.
Mel’nitskaia, Z. S. Bolezn’ Reino i fizicheskie metody ee lecheniia. Moscow, 1965.

V. B. GEL’FAND

References in periodicals archive ?
For those with Raynaud's syndrome, this normal physiological response results in tiny arteries that supply blood to the tips of fingers and toes going into spasm.
But Mark - who suffers from hip disorder Bilateral Perethes Disease, epilepsy, asthma and Raynaud's Syndrome - was in for a magical treat when the postman called at his Swindon home.
Raynaud's syndrome in workers who use vibrating pneumatic air knives.
Vibration white finger(VWF)- Raynaud's syndrome, asscociated with the use of severely vibrating tools Work stress -any external force or environmental variable acting on the human body during task performance
Since then, biofeedback had been successfully used to treat certain muscle spasms arising from erratic nerve impulses; partial paralysis of some muscles; fecal and urinary incontinence in both children and adults; and Raynaud's syndrome, a disease most common in young women, in which the hands react painfully to the least bit of exposure to cold.
Likewise, assembly work requiring the use of hand-held power tools that transmit vibrations can lead to Raynaud's Syndrome, also known as white knuckle syndrome, which is caused by the disturbance of blood flow to hands and fingers.
Secondary endpoints include severity of pain visual analog scale, Systemic Sclerosis Health Assessment Questionnaire, Rodnan score adapted to the hand, HAMIS test, and severity of the Raynaud's syndrome.
For example, a patient with Raynaud's syndrome may have high titers of positive ANA while another patient with a serious organ involvement may not.
Dee Atkinson of Napiers Herbalists gives the alternative solution I THINK you are suffering from Raynaud's syndrome.