Realgymnasium

Realgymnasium

 

(Russian, real’naia gimnaziia), in Russia, a secondary school whose curriculum stressed instruction in the natural sciences and mathematics and replaced the classical languages (Latin and Greek) with living foreign languages.

The Realgymnasium as a type of secondary educational institution emerged in the mid-19th century. Both seven-year Realgymnasiums and classical Gymnasiums were established under the Charter of 1864. Graduates of Realgymnasiums were permitted to take the competitive examinations for entry into higher technical educational institutions, but they were not admitted to universities. In 1872 the Realgymnasiums were replaced by Realschulen (real’nye uchilishchd).

References in periodicals archive ?
Until age fourteen, he attended the same realgymnasium that Sigmund Freud had attended many years earlier; he spent summers in Bulgaria with his father.
After attending the Realgymnasium at Glauchau in Saxony as well as the Nikolai Humanistic Gymnasium in his birth city of Leipzig, he was conscripted into war service in 1916 at the age of eighteen.
Some six teachers and 23 scholars from Germany's Hindenburg Realgymnasium and the Elbenfeld Secondary School were guests of honour at Atkinson Road Junior Technical School in Benwell, Newcastle, from Saturday, July 22, until August 15, 1934.
GIFT: The book given to Mrs Taylor by the group FIND: Max Taylor made the fascinating discovery GERMANY CALLING: Teachers and pupils from Hindenburg Realgymnasium and Elbenfeld Secondary School; right, Francis Taylor
After finishing Realgymnasium, Robert entered the University of Vienna, obtaining his doctorate in 1937 with the attribute "excellent".
He also holds a Bachelor of Science degree from the Realgymnasium Waidhofen Ybbs, Austria.
Martens uncovers many original documents that develop an intriguing picture of Greve's schooling at the Johanneum Realgymnasium in Hamburg and his university years in Bonn.
Kaiser Wilhelms-Gymnasium mit Realgymnasium in Wilhelmshaven: Zeugnis der Reife .
In German as well as in English, the invective Bootier or Boeotian (from the ancient Greek area northwest of Athens) denotes someone who is uncivilized, uncouth, indolent, or, exactly, "stupid" (dumm); and Brecht, the pupil of an old-fashioned Bavarian Realgymnasium, was doubtless aware of this figurative meaning.
From this perspective, Muller viewed the development of a more differentiated system of Prussian secondary schools - the creation of the semiclassical Realgymnasium after 1859 and of the modern Oberrealschule after 1882, as well as the granting to their graduates of nearly equal privileges in the universities and civil service after 1900 - not as a broadening of access and an encouragement of pluralism, but rather as a strategy of social defensiveness on the part of the educated elite of Imperial Germany.
125) By relying on income levels more than professional prestige as criteria for social status, Exner-Seeman arrives at the somewhat surprising conclusion that in most Rhineland cities a higher percentage of Realgymnasium graduates than of Gymnasium graduates came from the upper class.
The fatal flaw in Exner-Seeman's work, which his own data reveal, is that, given the much larger numbers of Gymnasium than of Realgymnasium or Oberrealschule graduates, a significantly higher number of upper-class sons graduated from the classical than from the semiclassical or modern schools.