Recife


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Recife

(rəsē`fĭ) [Port.,=reef], city (1991 pop. 1,298,229), capital of Pernambuco state, NE Brazil, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. It is also called Pernambuco by foreigners. The chief urban center of NE Brazil, it lies partly on the mainland and partly on an island. Dissected by waterways, it is often called the Brazilian Venice. Its fine natural harbor, enclosed by a coral reef, has modern facilities. Recife exports great quantities of the hinterland's products, including sugar, cotton, and coffee. The majority of the labor force is employed in the service sector; tourism expanded greatly in the late 1990s. The city is a transportation center, with an international airport and good railroad and highway facilities. Founded by the Portuguese in 1548 as the port for nearby Olinda, Recife was settled by fishermen and sailors. The city was plundered by the British in 1595 and was occupied by the Dutch (1630–54), prospering under Maurice of Nassau. After the Dutch occupation, Recife replaced Olinda as capital of the Pernambuco captaincy. During World War II, an Allied air base was there. The city has three universities and several research centers and museums; it has long been famed for its intellectual groups and political ferment. In addition to its modern buildings, Recife has a 17th-century cathedral, a Dutch fort, an elaborate government palace, and the ruins of what is believed to be the first synagogue in the New World, which flourished during the Dutch period.

Recife

 

(also Pernambuco), a city in northeastern Brazil; capital of the state of Pernambuco located at the mouths of the Capibaribe and Beberibe rivers. Population, 1,046,400 (1970, including suburbs). Recife is situated partly on the mainland, partly on a peninsula, and on an island in a lagoon. The three sections are connected by bridges. The city is Brazil’s major port on the Atlantic Ocean and the economic center of the northeastern part of the country. A railroad and highway junction, Recife also has an airport. There are food (distilleries and sugar refineries), textile, machine-building (including shipbuilding), cement, chemical, leather, and tobacco industries. Recife exports sugar, cotton, leather, lumber, and fruit. There is a university in the city.

Recife was founded in the first half of the 16th century. The city is divided into several parts. The island is a commercial district. The Santo Antonio district, which was founded circa 1640, is the site of the governor’s palace and the classical-style Santa Isabel Theater (c. 1845, architect L. Vottier). The Boa Vista district on the mainland, which was founded in the late 17th century, is an area of impressive villas surrounded by gardens and parks. São José, which is located on the peninsula, is the poor district. Buildings from the 17th century, including some monasteries, have been restored. One of the most beautiful 17th-century structures is the church of S. Pedro dos Clerigos (1729; architects M. Ferreira e Jácome and N. Nazzoni).

Recife

a port at the easternmost point of Brazil on the Atlantic: capital of Pernambuco state; built partly on an island, with many waterways and bridges. Pop.: 3 527 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Keeping the 2014 FIFA World Cup in mind, the state government of Pernambuco has put up a more modern and new stadium, named Arena Pernambuco at the metropolitan area adjacent to Recife.
With this project, not only are we bringing more hotel rooms to the Brazilian market, but doing so in a vibrant city like Recife which is set for revitalization and tourism growth.
Quando se pensa na fórmula complexa a partir da qual o Recife organiza a sua pioneira representação cinematográfica, é nítida a sensação de que os filmes serviram de veículos para a incorporação de novos modelos de comportamento social.
When Dutch colonists were expelled from Recife in 1654, the small Jewish community fled the Portuguese Inquisition, finding a safe haven in what was then called New Amsterdam.
Manufacturing facilities for the company are in Maua, in the state of Sao Paulo, and in Recife, in Pernambuco state.
All the Recife cases in 1990 had reported likely rat contacts and were initially diagnosed as leptospirosis with acute renal failure and throm bocytopenia, clinical hallmarks of both HFRS and leptospirosis (3).
He said that Archbishop Williams is currently talking to various parties involved in two high-profile disputes in the diocese of Recife in Brazil and the diocese of Fort Worth in the United States.
I brought the agreement from the Detroit archdiocese signed by Cardinal John Dearden in which the Detroit archdiocese promised to supply priests for its Recife parish for the next 100 years and I watched Dom Helder sign it.
Performances of his works have been given by The Berlin Philharmonic Wind Quintet, Louisiana Sinfonietta, LSU Symphony Orchestra, Poznan Philharmonic Orchestra (Poland), Red Stick Saxophone Quartet, New York University New Music Trio and Orquestra Sinfonica do Recife (Brazil).
The changes have made little difference in tourism travel to the South American country, says Antonio Agusto, director of Flytour Travel in Recife.
The donors were recruited by a group headed by two Israeli citizens in Recife, the capital of Pernambuco state, located in the northeast.