Red Guards

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Red Guards,

in Chinese history, politically active students of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 (1966–69), who organized units to carry out Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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's aim of rerevolutionizing Chinese society. As their numbers grew, the units engaged in factional struggles, and in 1968 Mao suppressed the movement.

Red Guards

 

(Chinese, hung-wei-ping), secondary-school and university students who belonged to detachments formed in 1966, during the Chinese Cultural Revolution, for use against Mao Tsetung’s opponents. The Red Guards worked in conjunction with the tsao-fan (see). The Red Guard movement subsided in 1968.