Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

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Regents of the University of California v. Bakke,

case decided in 1978 by the U.S. Supreme Court. The Court held in a closely divided decision that race could be one of the factors considered in choosing a diverse student body in university admissions decisions. The Court also held, however, that the use of quotas in such affirmative actionaffirmative action,
in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women.
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 programs was not permissible; thus the Univ. of California, Davis, medical school had, by maintaining a 16% minority quota, discriminated against Allan Bakke, 1940–, a white applicant. The legal implications of the decision were clouded by the Court's division. Bakke had twice been rejected by the medical school, even though he had a higher grade point average than a number of minority candidates who were admitted. As a result of the decision, Bakke was admitted to the medical school and graduated in 1982.
References in periodicals archive ?
535, 553-54 (1974) (finding that the hiring preferences given to Indians within the Bureau of Indian Affairs were distinct from invidious race discrimination because they were not racial preferences, but rather "employment criteria] reasonably designed to further the cause of Indian self-government"); cf Regents of Univ.
See Reply to Brief of Amid Curiae at 2-4, Regents of Univ.
The "diversity rationale" refers to Justice Powell's opinion in Regents of Univ.