regicides


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regicides

(rĕj`ĭsīdz) [Lat., =king-killers], in English history, name given to those judges and court officers responsible for the trial and execution of Charles I in 1649. After the Restoration (1660) of the monarchy they were excepted from the general pardon granted by the Act of Indemnity. At that time 41 of the 59 signers of the king's death warrant were still alive. Fifteen of them fled: William GoffeGoffe, William
, d. c.1679, English soldier and regicide. A personal adherent of Oliver Cromwell, he fought in the English civil war, signed the death warrant of Charles I, and became an administrative major general during the Protectorate.
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, John Dixwell, and Edward WhalleyWhalley, Edward
, d. 1675?, English regicide. During the English civil war he served under his cousin Oliver Cromwell in the parliamentary army. He was given custody of Charles I for a time in 1647, served on the high court of justice that tried him, and signed the death warrant.
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 went to New England; several went to Germany and Holland; and Edmund LudlowLudlow, Edmund,
1617?–1692, English parliamentarian and regicide. He commanded a regiment of cavalry in the English civil war and served on the court that condemned King Charles I, signing his death warrant.
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 and four others went to Switzerland. Some were able to convince Charles II that they had had little to do with his father's trial and that they were loyal to the monarchy, and they were reprieved. Nine of those who signed the warrant and four others closely connected with the trial were hanged. Six others, who were deemed less politically dangerous, were imprisoned for life; some were later reprieved.

Bibliography

See C. V. Wedgwood, A Coffin for King Charles (1964); N. H. Mayfield, Puritans and Regicide (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
A third regicide fugitive, John Dixwell, who had known Whalley and Goffe, lived on quietly in New Haven under an assumed name until 1688.
An eclectic thinker whose ideas spurred religious controversy throughout his lifetime, Goodwin was a Puritan whose Arminian theology confuted traditional Calvinism; he was a republican regicide who passionately supported religious toleration.
So during December and early January some Royalists and Presbyterians may have thought that by tarring the Parliament-men as potential regicides, and thus a terrible threat to the social hierarchy, they could shame the government into a less drastic action.
From the 12th century attempted regicides, lords and rebels were "sent to Coventry" to be executed.
Traditionally historians have looked at the Protectorate (1653-59) as a 'retreat from revolution' in which the regicides and republicans who created the Republic knew that the English constitution required an executive headed by one man.
This young radicalism of thought prepared the way for his eventual radical actions in siding with the regicides and in his attempts to remold the English church.
By behaving, as Charles had, like martyrs, the regicides controverted their royalist executioners.
Bertelli considers a rich variety of ceremonies and rituals associated with royal funerals, coronations, triumphal and religious processions, royal weddings, births, banquets, and other occasions of state, concluding with a discussion of the judicial regicides in England (1649) and France (1793).
The last study in this section (chapter 7) deals with regicide, specifically the murders of Amenemhat I and Ramses III, and the thorny question of the ancient Egyptian king's divinity, On the latter question, she agrees--quite rightly in the present reviewer's mind--with G.