Tadeus Reichstein

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Reichstein, Tadeus

(tädĕ`o͞osh rīkh`shtīn), 1897–1996, Swiss organic chemist, b. Vlotslavsk, Russia (now Włocławek, Poland), educated at the technical school in Zürich, where he also taught (1922–38) chemistry. He became (1938) head of the department of pharmacy at the Univ. of Basel, retiring in 1967. For his work on the hormones of the cortex of the adrenal glands he shared with Edward C. KendallKendall, Edward Calvin,
1886–1972, American biochemist, b. South Norwalk, Conn., grad. Columbia (B.S., 1908; Ph.D., 1910). At St. Luke's Hospital, New York City, he did research on the thyroid gland (1911–14).
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 and Philip S. HenchHench, Philip Showalter,
1896–1965, American physician, b. Pittsburgh, M.D. Univ. of Pittsburgh, 1920. Associated with the Mayo Foundation of the Univ. of Minnesota school of medicine after 1921, he was made head of the department of rheumatic diseases in 1926, began
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 the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Reichstein was also the first (1933) to synthesize ascorbic acid (vitamin C).