Reminiscence


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reminiscence

1. (in the philosophy of Plato) the doctrine that perception and recognition of particulars is possible because the mind has seen the universal forms of all things in a previous disembodied existence
2. Psychol the ability to perform a task better when tested some time after the task has been learnt than when tested immediately after learning it

Reminiscence

 

in a work of literature (generally poetry), a recollection evoked in the reader by the unconscious or conscious borrowing of images or rhythmic and syntactic devices from a different work, another’s or the author’s own. Examples are “I have survived both much and many” (P. A. Viazemskii) and “I have betrayed both much and many” (V. Ia. Briusov). The value of reminiscence as a literary device depends on the reader’s memory and powers of perception.


Reminiscence

 

improvement of the memory. According to the basic law of retention, proposed by H. Ebbinghaus (Germany), the recall of learned material must decay with time. Nevertheless, studies on reminiscence proved that the recollection of memorized material is better after some time has elapsed than immediately after memorization. This phenomenon embraces elements that could not be recalled immediately after learning as well as an overall improvement in recall. The many factors that determine the degree of reminiscence include the rapidity with which the material to be memorized is presented, the time elapsed between study periods, the degree of memorization, similarities between parts of the material, and the quantity of material. Numerous hypotheses on the nature of reminiscence have been advanced, but no satisfactory explanation of the phenomenon exists.

REFERENCE

Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia: [Sb. st.] fase. 4. Edited and compiled by P. Fraisse and J. Piaget. Moscow, 1973. Pages 326–30. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Reminiscence boxes will now be introduced on the wards at Arrowe Park Hospital and at other local libraries.
Work has begun on gathering reminiscences of former Presidents and Secretaries General.
The project is working with specialist dementia staff to trial the benefits of reminiscence work with dementia patients and their families using museum and archive collections as inspiration.
The book provides practitioners with a thorough understanding of the theory and practice and provides many case studies to demonstrate the value of spiritual reminiscence in helping people to find meaning in the experience of dementia.
As part of the winding down celebrations, Active Ashbrow will hold reminiscence sessions at the Top Club in Sheepridge.
Part of this is running exercise sessions, which is going well, but we're also launching reminiscence events where men get together and chat.
Jointly run by Stratford-upon-Avon Arts Festival, Unity Roots Productions, Escape Community Arts, The Shakespeare Hospice, Warwickshire Reminiscence Action Project and Touch FM, it hopes to uncover entertaining and interesting stories, local traditions and untold tales from Stratford upon Avon.
Reminiscence Therapy will help family members bond, and help raise the patients self confidence because they are able to recall past events that they had forgotten.
It follows the success of Alzheimer Scotland's Football Reminiscence Project, set up in 2009 with the help of the Scottish Football Museum.
Effects of a reminiscence program among institutionalized elderly adults
The book, Sister Spit: Writing, Rants and Reminiscence From The Road, holds certain echoes of these tours, containing diaries from the 2010 and 2011 tours, as well as various writings and artwork from tour participants throughout the years.