Remonstrants


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Remonstrants

(rĕmŏn`strənts), Dutch Protestants, adherents to the ideas of Jacobus ArminiusArminius, Jacobus
, 1560–1609, Dutch Reformed theologian, whose original name was Jacob Harmensen. He studied at Leiden, Marburg, Geneva, and Basel and in 1588 became a pastor at Amsterdam.
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, whose doctrines after his death (1609) were called Arminianism. They were Calvinists but were more liberal and less dogmatic than orthodox Calvinists and diverged from the teachings of the Dutch Reformed Church. After the death of Arminius and under the leadership of Simon EpiscopiusEpiscopius, Simon
, 1583–1643, Dutch Protestant theologian, whose original name was Biscop, Bischop, or Bisschop. Episcopius accepted the teachings of Jacobus Arminius and was a leader of the Arminians, or Remonstrants, who opposed the Calvinist conception of
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, they set forth their articles of faith for Holland and West Friesland in a petition that became known as the Remonstrance. Their main variations from orthodox views, as set forth, were conditional, rather than absolute, predestination; universal atonement; the necessity of regeneration through the Holy Ghost; the possibility of resistance to divine grace; and the possibility of relapse from grace. A movement to suppress the Remonstrants was led by Franciscus Gomarus and Prince Maurice of NassauMaurice of Nassau
, 1567–1625, prince of Orange (1618–25); son of William the Silent by Anne of Saxony. He became stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland after the assassination (1584) of his father.
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, and finally, after a hearing at the Synod of Dort (1618–19), the orthodox position prevailed. Remonstrants were denied church services, and their leaders were persecuted and exiled. With the death of Prince Maurice in 1625 the ban was lifted and the religion was tolerated until 1795, when it was recognized as an independent church. The Remonstrants survive as a small group in the Netherlands. They have had a liberalizing influence on Calvinist doctrine as well as on other evangelical churches.
References in periodicals archive ?
These views are typically Remonstrant or, as Mandeville thinks the clergy would consider him, "latitudinarian, if not worse.
Moreover, King James pressured the States General to convene a so-called National Synod, to settle the disputes between the Remonstrants and Contra-Remonstrants--settle them in favor of the Contra-Remonstrants.
First, the difference about predestination between the Remonstrants and the Contra-Remonstrants has to be removed.
Whatever might be one's judgement concerning the Enlightenment, one is forced to recognize that the Remonstrants have demonstrated their spirit of tolerance on several social and ecclesiological questions.
But by the mid-1980s both churches managed to produce a Declaration of Consensus, which was attractive enough to appeal to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as the Remonstrant Brotherhood (Arminians) to participate in the "Together-on-the-Way" process.
34) "Catch-all charges such as "disturbing the peace" and "parasitism" resulted in police interrogation and jail time for remonstrants and other nuisances.
Milton's close familiarity with one of Sir Francis Bacon's lesser-known works, A Wise and Moderate Discourse, Concerning Church-Affaires, written at the height of the Admonition controversy in 1589 but first published posthumously in 1641,(1) is apparent from an entry in the Commonplace Book and quotations in Animadversions upon the Remonstrants Defence against Smectymnuus (July 1641), An Apology against a Pamphlet (April 1642), and Areopagitica (November 1644), each time identifying Bacon as the source.
Ordinum Pietas defends the Remonstrants, whose views, Grotius argued, varied little from those of Lubbertus.
The fact that in the Leuenberg Agreement the traditional Reformed doctrine of predestination is criticized may have been one reason why the Remonstrants subscribed to that Agreement.
White recognizes that the disputes in the Netherlands between Remonstrants and Contra-Remonstrants threatened the harmony of the English Church.
It was only in 1612 that the Netherlands Remonstrants (or
This usage of 'Reformed' is not intended," he writes, "as a denial of the fact that Arminius and the Remonstrants before the Synod of Dort (1618-1619) considered themselves to be Reformed.