For this purpose the four-link cross section or discrete pedo-ecological sequence (PES) of soils, which is composed of key regional soils and characterizes Estonian normal (or postlithogenic) mineral soils (from drought-prone skeletal calcareous rendzinas to wet acid sandy gley-podzols), is used (Kolli et al.
The representative pedo-ecological cross section rendzinas [right arrow] brown soils [right arrow] pseudopodzolic soils [right arrow] gley-podzols starts with drought-prone soils rich in calcareous limestone.
Soil associations of rendzinas (group 1), which are distributed on the undulating till and flat limestone plains of North and Northwest Estonia, and on the islands, differ in terms of parent material fabric (formed on limestone or calcareous pebbles and shingle).
Rendzinas have a high base saturation stage, due to a high percentage of limestone.
In the case of forest ecosystems, brown and pseudopodzolic soils have the highest total aboveground phytomass, and rendzinas and gley-podzols, the lowest.
The floristic composition of plant cover on rendzinas and gley-podzols differs significantly from all others, but the differences in the composition between brown and pseudopodzolic soils are not as clearly visible.
5 OMITTED] occupies Terra Rossa soils at the lower elevations of the main mountain ranges, below 300 m on both sides of the central mountain range, Rendzina soils in the foothills of the Judean mountains, and light soils in the Sharon Plain (the littoral aspect).
Terra Rossa soils occur in the mountainous areas on hard rocks; Rendzinas, on the soft ones (Dan & Raz, 1970; Dan et al.
The remaining soils of soloth, black duplex, rendzina, lithosols, and earthy sands have low average values of PAWC [is less than] 80 mm.
chocolate soils, and brown clays on sideslopes and lower slopes; and earthy sands, rendzinas, and prairie soils in upslope areas.