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in philosophy, the correspondence between a representation, or image, and its original.

The concept of resemblance, which is used in modeling, embraces three basic relationships: the correspondence between a qualitative property of a representation and a particular feature of the original (for example, the color green as perceived in the leaves of a plant corresponds to a given length of the electromagnetic waves emitted by the surface of the leaves); the correspondence between the structural design of a representation and the structural design of the original (for example, the design of a geographic map corresponds to the geometric design of a locality), where distinct types of structural correspondence may be described by different mathematical mappings, such as isomorphism or homomorphism; and the correspondence between the quantitative characteristics of a representation and those of the original (for example, quantitative thermostatic value corresponds to measurable body temperature).

The degree of resemblance, or of congruity, between a representation and its original can be evaluated in terms of the following: reliability of information, of what is known, or, in the case of theoretical constructs, demonstrability; exactness and fullness of representation; and depth or relevance of representation of particular properties, connections, and relations. Dialectical materialism rejects the one-sided interpretation of resemblance as a mirror reflection embodied in physical likeness or as the hieroglyphic representation of an object proposed by the theory of hieroglyphs.


See references under REFLECTION.


References in classic literature ?
In all other respects, excluding fertility, there is a close general resemblance between hybrids and mongrels.
It is quite true," he said, in a low tone, "that he bears a striking resemblance to the king; but less so than you said.
It may be well enough, to try the rifle," muttered a dull looking man, whose features, both in outline and expression, bore no small resemblance to the first speaker, and who loosened the stock of his piece and brought it dexterously to the front, while delivering this opinion; "the Pawnee Loups are said to be hunting by hundreds in the plains; if so, they'll never miss a single man from their tribe.
It contained a reference to some child likely to be the result of this sad connection, which child was born, and accidentally encountered by you, when your suspicions were first awakened by his resemblance to your father.
do you see no resemblance there to Eustace's first wife?
30 (ANI): An international retail company, which deals in clothing and accessories, has introduced 'check mini skirt' that has an uncanny resemblance to traditional Indian lungis.
A Taiwanese netizen posted a funny photo of a woman's beret that bears an uncanny resemblance to a baozi (steamed bun) on the Facebook group Baofei Commune.
com/en/homerun/feed_manager_auto_publish_494/460fc1a05c0e0a9474e437debb9d2059) Lukwesa Morin , has a natural resemblance to Markle.
3) Security guards wearing uniforms having resemblance with the uniform of police and other law enforcement agencies
The security guards of MPCHS wear a green colour uniform which has a high resemblance to the police uniform.
The 26-year-old actress and singer, who is of Mexican and Italian descent, has a fan who bears an uncanny resemblance to her.
The ban is also imposed on security guards wearing uniforms having resemblance with uniform of police and other LEAs, private vehicles having resemblance with vehicles of police and other LEAs.