(in Russian, ordinatura), the highest form of advanced training for physicians in the USSR. Established in 1946, the clinical residency program can be followed at an institution of higher medical learning, at advanced institutes for physicians, and at research institutes. As a rule, physicians under 35 years of age with at least three years of experience are accepted by competition for residency.
The training program is organized according to the plans of each individual. Residents are paid a stipend and must fulfill norms equivalent to half the treatment and preventive work load of regular physicians. The training period is two years, and those who complete a residency are given a certificate. In 1974 more than 7,600 physicians were enrolled in residency training. (SeeMEDICAL EDUCATION.)