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(in Russian, ordinator), a physician in a medical institution, such as a hospital, polyclinic, or maternity home, who is directly engaged in treatment and preventive work under the guidance of a department head. In a hospital the resident independently makes rounds of patients, performs physicians’ duties, prescribes treatment, records histories, and takes shifts on call. In a polyclinic the resident performs the functions of a district medical officer or specialist: he receives patients, prescribes treatment, fills in medical charts of ambulatory patients, issues certificates of disability, provides dispensary service, and acts as a health instructor. A clinical resident is a physician who is preparing to enter a specialty, for example, internal medicine or surgery. A clinical residency usually lasts two years in a teaching clinic, a research institute, or an institute for the advanced training of physicians; the resident also performs the duties of staff physician.
(rezident). (1) In the Middle Ages, a foreign diplomat residing in a given country.
(2) A representative of the metropolis residing in a protectorate.
(3) A representative of intelligence residing in a foreign state.