transposon

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Related to Retrotransposition: Transposons, long interspersed elements

transposon

[¦tranz′pō‚zän]
(genetics)
A genetic element which comprises large discrete segments of deoxyribonucleic acid and is capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another in the same organism or in a different organism.
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][11] There are similarities between the mechanisms of endonuclease-independent LINE-1 retrotransposition and telomerase.
Tumer NE, Parikh BA, Li P, Dinman JD (1998) Pokeweed antiviral protein specifically inhibits Ty 1-directed +1 ribosomal frameshifting and retrotransposition in Saccaromyces cerevisiae.
Gene duplication is often mediated by a mechanism called retrotransposition, whereby a gene is duplicated at a new location thanks to the action of genetic elements called retrotransposons.
Deeper understanding of molecular mechanisms and environmental cues controlling retrotransposition in Arabidopsis thaliana and use this model plant to develop universal methodology for detection of retrotransposition.
Gamma radiation increases endonucleasedependent L1 retrotransposition in a cultured cellassay.
Theses elements accumulated in these genomes by the process of retrotransposition.
Instead, for retrotransposition, ALU elements require the use of the retrotransposition machinery of LINE-1 (Dewannieux et al.
Batzer, "Estimating the Retrotransposition Rate of Human Alu Elements," Gene 373 (2006): 134-7.
LINE-1 0RF1 protein enhances Alu SINE retrotransposition.
Differential stress induction of individual Alu loci: implications for transcription and retrotransposition.
2005) reported that nickel activates L1 retrotransposition in transfected HeLa cells.