revitalization movement


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revitalization movement,

political-religious movements promising deliverance from deprivation, the elimination of foreign domination, and a new interpretation of the human condition based on traditional cultural values, common in societies undergoing severe stress associated with colonial conquest and intense class or racial exploitation. A prominent example is the Ghost DanceGhost Dance,
central ritual of the messianic religion instituted in the late 19th cent. by a Paiute named Wovoka. The religion prophesied the peaceful end of the westward expansion of whites and a return of the land to the Native Americans.
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 of Native Americans, who believed that their ritual would cause ancestors and bison herds to return and white people to leave. Although a nonviolent form of protest, it ended with the massacre of over 200 Sioux men, women, and children by the U.S. army at Wounded KneeWounded Knee,
creek, rising in SW S.Dak. and flowing NW to the White River; site of the last major battle of the Indian wars. After the death of Sitting Bull, a band of Sioux, led by Big Foot, fled into the badlands, where they were captured by the 7th Cavalry on Dec.
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, S.Dak., in 1890. Cargo cults are another form of revitalization movement found in New Guinea and other parts of Melanesia, especially after the intense movements of armies through the area during World War II. Followers believe that local governments prevent their ancestors from delivering an abundance of European or American goods. Their rituals reflect their sense of economic marginalization, belief that the world capitalist economy behaves irrationally, and alienation from state-level politics. These movements are also referred to as nativistic, revivalistic, millenarian, or messianic.

Bibliography

See J. Mooney, The Ghost Dance Religion (1965); P. Worsley, The Trumpet Shall Sound (1968); A. H. Shovers, Visions of Peace (1985).

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One historic event of interest includes the Great Awakening in the 1730s and 1740s, and the influence that such a religious revitalization movement had on prominent businessmen of the day.
The book will be of interest to linguists, anthropologists, and indigenous and other educators involved in the language revitalization movement.
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Thus, Foutiou concedes that YSEE does indeed fit the standard definition of a revitalization movement, but she convincingly argues that the terms of the debate are not so much about old versus new as they are about indigenous versus foreign traditions.
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But if instead we see the nativist critics' tribal emphasis as part of a larger ongoing revitalization movement, where every indigenous person must, as Cree/Metis scholar Kim Anderson verbs it, "resist, reclaim, construct and act" (15), the literary call to community seems more about what might be called the "viral" affect of expression, or about how information must be able to travel along often attenuated networks of affiliation and build alliances as it travels.
First, Wonderley's discussion of the changing mythic representations of Sky Holder (the "Good Twin" in the Iroquois Creation narrative) over time leads him to conclude that the early nineteenth-century Handsome Lake religious revitalization movement represented "a far more comprehensive overhaul" of Iroquois "cosmogonic ideas" (64) than historians and anthropologists have recognized to date.
In Brantford, where the university is part of a downtown revitalization movement providing new learning environments in a former bank and a refurbished public utilities building.
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This article shares the perspectives of three pioneering families of the Hawaiian language revitalization movement over one generation of growth, change, and transformation.
America entered what Banks (1986) called a precondition phase for an ethnic revitalization movement.
I wanted to think about ways that Canadian law could relate more respectfully to Indigenous peoples and support the revitalization movement that is happening in Indigenous communities.