Richard Arkwright

Also found in: Wikipedia.
Richard Arkwright
BirthplacePreston, Lancashire, England
Inventor, pioneer of the spinning industry
EducationTaught to read and write by his cousin Ellen Arkwright
Known for inventing the factory Spinning frame. Water frame. Carding engine

Arkwright, Richard


Born 1732; died 1792. English entrepreneur in the textile industry.

Formerly a barber, Arkwright began inventing in 1767. He appropriated a mechanical spinning frame invented by the English mechanic T. Highs (or Hayes) and received a patent on it in 1769. He developed a system of enterprises and constructed the first spinning factories in Britain which were equipped with water-powered engines (water frames). Subsequently he introduced into the spinning industry a number of improvements directed at the mechanization of the spinning process.

References in periodicals archive ?
1732: Sir Richard Arkwright, English inventor of the "spinning frame", was born.
A Sir Richard Arkwright B Arthur Young C Isambard Kingdom Brunel D Sir Christopher Wren 8.
Among leading British inventors are James Watt, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Richard Arkwright, Michael Faraday, Robert Stephenson, George Stephenson, Richard Trevithick, Andrew Vivian, Joseph Swan, Alexander Graham Bell, John Logie Baird, Frank Whittle, Alan Turing and Tim Berners-Lee.
Shipp was surely right to emphasise the advantage enjoyed by Wright in coming from a region of England where rapid industrial development was under way and where he came to know many of those responsible for its rapid advance, not least both Josiah Wedgwood and Richard Arkwright.
Samuel Slater, 21, just arrived in New York from Great Britain, had been working in the textile factory of Richard Arkwright, inventor of a spinning frame that had transformed textile manufacture in Britain.
The other members of the Society were Josiah Wedgwood, founder of the world-famous ceramics factory; John Whitehurst, a geologist; James Watt; and Richard Arkwright (1732-1792), a textile manufacturer (5).
The preeminent example, however--the one that inspired Owen, M'Connel, Kennedy, and others--was Sir Richard Arkwright.
When the cotton king, Richard Arkwright, died in 1792 The Gentleman's Magazine wrote that "he had factories, the income of which is greater than that of most German principalities".
When he started large-scale manufacturing, was he ahead of or alongside or in conversation with Richard Arkwright, who is usually credited as the instigator of the factory system?
In conclusion, it is intriguing to speculate that, had such an advanced level of industrial production been achieved at such an early date, Abraham Darby, Richard Arkwright, et alia, might have been relegated in favour of the founders of the medieval equivalents of Britain's (toy soldiers) and the Early Learning Centre (sundries for infants
English inventor and manufacturer Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) invented a water-powered machine to produce cotton yarn and opened the first modern spinning factory in Cromford in 1771.