Richard Hakluyt


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Hakluyt, Richard

(hăk`lo͞ot, hăk`əlwĭt), 1552?–1616, English geographer. He graduated in 1574 from Oxford, where he later lectured on geography. A passionate interest in the history of discovery led him to collect and publish narratives of voyages and travels. He was active in promoting English discovery and colonization, especially in North America. His chief work, called by J. A. Froude "the prose epic of the English nation," is The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffics, and Discoveries of the English Nation (3 vol., 1598–1600), an enlargement of a one-volume version (1589). Other publications include Divers Voyages touching the Discovery of America and the Islands Adjacent (1582) and an account of the discoveries of Hernando De Soto under the title Virginia Richly Valued (1609). Manuscripts left at his death were included by Samuel Purchas in his Pilgrims (4 folios, 1625); others are preserved at the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The publication of narratives of early explorations has been continued by the Hakluyt Society, founded in 1846.

Bibliography

See The Original Writings and Correspondence of the Two Richard Hakluyts (1935, repr. 1967).

Hakluyt, Richard

(c. 1552–1616) English geographer and publisher of eyewitness accounts of more than 200 voyages of exploration. [Br. Hist.: EB, 8: 553–554]
See: Journey
References in periodicals archive ?
9) Richard Hakluyt, The Principall Navigations, Voyages and Discoveries of the English Nation, made by Sea or over Land, to the most Remote and Farthest Distant Quarters of the Earth at any time within the Compasse of these 1500.
Richard Hakluyt and travel writing in early modern Europe.
Exploring the 1599 English rendition against the Latin original also printed by Richard Hakluyt in his Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation would demonstrate, for instance, the many ways in which Odoric's world of mirabilia had to be adapted linguistically to different sensibilities (see also Popeanga; Andreose and Menard).
A promotional document written by Richard Hakluyt the younger for Gilbert's half-brother Walter Ralegh borrowed various ideas from Gilbert too.
The idea that darkness of skin is evidence of God's curse on Africans is traced to the humanist Guillaume Postel and mediated through George Best, Richard Hakluyt, Samuel Bochart, and eventually Edward Leigh's influential Critica sacra (1641).
It is particularly useful to have excerpts from very long works, such as those of Richard Eden and Richard Hakluyt, condensed and collated, and to have documents from every aspect of quotidian life (recipes, sermons, political treatises) included and indexed for their racial categories.
In the third and last edition of his book (1600), dedicated to Sir Robert Cecil, Richard Hakluyt praised the 'special industrie' of merchants like Willaim Hareborne, Richard Staper and Edward Osborne for their efforts in pursuing the Levant trade:
Herendeen divides Camden's life into three sections: his education, including four years at Oxford, which he left apparently dissatisfied, and without a degree, but having won the admiration of contemporaries including Richard Hakluyt and Henry Savile; the remainder of his achievements in the reign of Elizabeth, when he taught at Westminster School (becoming headmaster in 1593), published the first five editions of the Britannia, and was elected Clarenceux King of Arms in 1597; and his work under James I, including the Annales, and his establishment of the first chair of civil history at Oxford.
Mas importante que el libro de Eden resulto la publicacion en 1589 de la recopilacion de Richard Hakluyt Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English nation, obra que, si bien estaba dedicada a la contribucion de los exploradores ingleses en la expansion de los horizontes geograficos y politicos del pais, incluia tambien menciones a los viajes de Colon y a los de Magallanes, entre otros, y a las tierras descubiertas por estos (Rossi 94).
Richard Hakluyt, the historian of England's maritime ventures and collector of travel narratives, unlike his Spanish and Portuguese colleagues, who were eloquent chroniclers of the incipient slave trade in their countries, failed to record the experiences made by the English merchants as slave dealers in early modern Spain.
Hoping to offset this failure, two cousins, both named Richard Hakluyt, wrote manuscripts to the queen recommending that she support colonization in the area of Virginia.