Richard Olney


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Olney, Richard,

1835–1917, American cabinet member, b. Oxford, Mass. He was a successful Boston lawyer and had served briefly in the state legislature before President Cleveland appointed him to his cabinet. As Attorney General (1893–95), he obtained an injunction against the strikers in the Pullman strikePullman strike,
in U.S. history, an important labor dispute. On May 11, 1894, workers of the Pullman Palace Car Company in Chicago struck to protest wage cuts and the firing of union representatives.
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 of 1894; under it Eugene V. DebsDebs, Eugene Victor,
1855–1926, American Socialist leader, b. Terre Haute, Ind. Leaving high school to work in the railroad shops in Terre Haute, he became a railroad fireman (1871) and organized (1875) a local of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen.
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 was held in contempt of court. Olney also persuaded Cleveland to send in troops to break the strike, ostensibly to prevent interference with the mails, although Gov. John P. AltgeldAltgeld, John Peter
, 1847–1902, American politician, governor of Illinois (1892–96), b. Germany. He was taken by his immigrant parents to Ohio, where he grew up with little formal schooling.
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 declared troops unnecessary. In 1895, Olney became Secretary of State. He played a vigorous part in the negotiations with the British over the Venezuela Boundary DisputeVenezuela Boundary Dispute,
diplomatic controversy, notable for the tension caused between Great Britain and the United States during much of the 19th cent. Of long standing, the dispute concerned the boundary between Venezuela and British Guiana (now Guyana); the Venezuelan
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. In the course of the talks he stated flatly that the United States is "practically sovereign on this continent, and its fiat is law upon the subjects to which it confines its interposition." This principle was later supported by Theodore Roosevelt as a corollary of the Monroe DoctrineMonroe Doctrine,
principle of American foreign policy enunciated in President James Monroe's message to Congress, Dec. 2, 1823. It initially called for an end to European intervention in the Americas, but it was later extended to justify U.S.
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.

Bibliography

See biography by H. James (1923, repr. 1971); study by G. G. Eggert (1974).

Olney, Richard

(1835–1917) lawyer, cabinet member; born in Oxford, Mass. A brilliant if forbidding Boston lawyer (1859–93), he was President Grover Cleveland's attorney general (1893–95), best known for ending the Pullman strike led by Eugene Debs; he did, however, go on to support the rights of organized labor. As secretary of state (1895–97), he settled the boundary dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana and defended the rights of American nationals in Cuba and China. He retired to his law practice. He remains best known for setting forth (in 1895) what has become known as "the Olney corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine—namely, that "the United States is practically sovereign on this continent" [of South America].
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References in periodicals archive ?
Fiduciary Trust Company has expanded its client service team with the hires of Richard Olney and Peter Whitlock, both of whom are joining the firm as Vice Presidents and Investment Officers, the company said.
Richard Olney Good, let's hope all the hackney cabs go bust.
La llamada resolucion del Secretario de Estado Richard Olney en 1895 reafirmo la citada Doctrina Monroe al considerar que "Los Estados Unidos son practicamente soberanos en este continente" y el Corolario Roosevelt en 1904--"politica del gran garrote"--consagra la intervencion directa e indistinta norteamericana en America Latina.
Cleveland and Secretary of State Richard Olney linked it directly to the Monroe Doctrine's guarantee of independence and sovereignty for the Latin American republics, and for a short time it seemed possible that Britain and America might go to war over the issue.
White is also related to Oxford native Richard Olney, who was secretary of state and attorney general under President Grover Cleveland.
The late Richard Olney once wrote in Simple French Food that pastry made from lard tasted of lard; those made with shortening would taste of shortening; but pastry made with real butter would invariably taste like butter.
Distinguished people such as gifted neurologist and ALS specialist Richard Olney (Register-Guard, Feb.