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Writer and politician
|Known for||Founder of The Spectator|
Born Mar. 12,1672, in Dublin; died Sept. 1,1729, in Carmarthen. British writer and journalist.
Steele studied at’ Oxford University. In his comedies The Funeral (1701), The Lying Lover (1703), The Tender Husband (1705), and The Conscious Lovers (1722), he attacked the immorality of the English comedy of the Restoration period and often fell into sentimentality and grandiloquence. In collaboration with J. Addison, he published the satirical journals The Tatler (1709–11), The Spectator (1711–14), and The Guardian (1713), which helped pave the way for the English realistic novel of the 18th century and the bourgeois drama. In the essay genre, Steele depicted the daily life and mores of contemporary England.
WORKSThe Correspondence. Oxford, 1968.
The Plays. Oxford, 1971.
REFERENCESElistratova, A. A. Angliiskii roman epokhi Prosveshcheniia. Moscow, 1966. Pages 31—44.
Connely, W. Sir Richard Steele. Port Washington, N.Y., 1967.
Hare, M. E. Richard Steele and the Sentimental Comedy. New York, 1970.