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Born Sept. 4, 1908, in Natchez, Miss.; died Nov. 29, 1960, in Paris. American writer.
The son of a poor Negro, Wright received his elementary education in orphanages. In the 1930’s he was a member of the Communist Party of the United States. Beginning in 1946, he lived in Paris. Wright won international acclaim for his novel Native Son (1940; Russian translation, 1941), which depicts the fate of a young Negro, doomed to a life of spiritual degradation and crime and to destruction. Wright’s works expose racism and are permeated with hate for the bourgeois system, which cripples the human personality. These traits are particularly evident in the novella The Outsider (1953) and in the novels The Long Dream (1958) and Lawd Today (1963).
WORKSBlack Boy. New York, 1945.
White Man, Listen! Garden City, N.Y., 1957.
In Russian translation:
Detidiadi Toma. Moscow, 1939.
Rasskazy. Moscow, 1962.
REFERENCESMendel’son, M. Sovremennyi amerikanskii roman. Moscow, 1964.
Webb. C. R. Wright: A Biography. New York .