Richard Wright


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Wright, Richard

 

Born Sept. 4, 1908, in Natchez, Miss.; died Nov. 29, 1960, in Paris. American writer.

The son of a poor Negro, Wright received his elementary education in orphanages. In the 1930’s he was a member of the Communist Party of the United States. Beginning in 1946, he lived in Paris. Wright won international acclaim for his novel Native Son (1940; Russian translation, 1941), which depicts the fate of a young Negro, doomed to a life of spiritual degradation and crime and to destruction. Wright’s works expose racism and are permeated with hate for the bourgeois system, which cripples the human personality. These traits are particularly evident in the novella The Outsider (1953) and in the novels The Long Dream (1958) and Lawd Today (1963).

WORKS

Black Boy. New York, 1945.
White Man, Listen! Garden City, N.Y., 1957.
In Russian translation:
Detidiadi Toma. Moscow, 1939.
Rasskazy. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCES

Mendel’son, M. Sovremennyi amerikanskii roman. Moscow, 1964.
Webb. C. R. Wright: A Biography. New York [1968].
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Among twentieth-century American writers, Richard Wright is the one who disturbs readers in a unique way.
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lt;div class="caption">British artist Richard Wright poses beside his piece 'No Title' after winning the 2009 Turner Arts Prize at the Tate Britain gallery in central London December 7, 2009.
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David Aeschliman John Ameis Charlie Arnot Allen Barkve Stephen Barr Kyle Bauer Stanley Bird Kathleen Bird Wayne Bollum Beth Burgy Kathy Cornett Steve Custer Jean Custer Evan Davies Tom Davis Lee Dueringer Dennis Erpelding Jan Ford Kendal Frazier Stephanie Gable Ron Goble Mike Gustafson Lia Guthrie Vicki Henrickson Teresa Hinrichs Bill Howard Jim Irwin Phil Johnson Jim Jones Bret Kealy Mike King David Kanau Stan Koenigsfield Gene Kronberg Steve May Jim McGough Bob Moraczewski Bill Newham Doug Newman Lorie North Lyle Orwig Russ Parker Monte Reese Roger Reierson Stephen Rhea John Riley Duane Ross Don Schultz Gary Schulz Mick Sibbel Tom Smull Ron Sorensen Keri Storjohann Tom Taylor Don Tourte Patty Travis John Volk Gary Vorpahl Eldon White Chris Whitehead Daren Williams Richard Wright
The wall drawings of British artist Richard Wright have an austere grandeur, even when he bypasses a traditional strength of the mural form--its command of large architectural expanses--in favor of corners and crannies.
Similarly, Richard Wright (1908-1960) moved to Paris in 1946 and gained the privileges of French citizenship, but he never relinquished his American citizenship or ceased tackling the issue of race in the United States.
Richard Wright Award for Literary Excellence: William Kauffman Scarborough was recognized at the Fifteenth Annual Natchez Literary and Cinema Celebration with the 2004 Richard Wright Award for Masters of the Big House: Elite Slaveholders of the Mid-Nineteenth-Century South.