Richard of Saint Victor


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Richard of Saint Victor,

d. 1173, Scottish monk and mystic, prior of the Abbey of St. Victor, Paris. His principal importance is in the history of mystical theology, in which he is a successor to Hugh of Saint VictorHugh of Saint Victor,
1096–1141, French or German philosopher and theologian, a canon regular of the monastery of St. Victor, Paris, from c.1115. In 1133 he was made head of the monastery school, which became under him one of the principal centers of learning in medieval
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. In two works, Benjamin Major and Benjamin Minor, he defined anew the stages of mystic contemplation, which he divided into six. He also wrote on rational theology, especially on the Blessed Trinity and on the Incarnate Word.
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1) In this piece, which has continued to be an inspiration for many scholars, Caviness drew upon the writings of Richard of Saint Victor (d.