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(also rickshaw, jinrikisha), a light two-wheeled carriage drawn by a man between two shafts. The ricksha was patented in Japan in 1867 by J. Goble, an American. In the early 20th century rickshas came into wide use in East and South Asia. In the 1930’s the pedicab came into use; it consisted of a bicycle attached to the body of the ricksha, like a motorcycle with a sidecar.
The labor of ricksha drivers is exhausting, and the drivers’ mortality rate is high. These laborers are mercilessly exploited by the entrepreneurs who own the vehicles.