Rita Levi-Montalcini

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Levi-Montalcini, Rita

(lā`vē-mŏn'təlsē`nē), 1909–2012, Italian-American neurologist, b. Turin, Italy, M.D. Univ. of Turin, 1936. A dual citizen of Italy and the United States, Levi-Montalcini did her most important work with Stanley CohenCohen, Stanley,
1922–, American biochemist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Univ. of Michigan, 1948. Cohen did his most important work at Washington Univ. with Rita Levi-Montalcini in the 1950s.
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 at Washington Univ., where she was a professor from 1956 to 1977. Studying mouse tumors implanted in chicken embryos, the pair isolated a nerve growth factor, the first of many cell growth factors found in animals; some of these were also first described by Levi-Montalcini and by Cohen. The discovery of nerve growth factor radically changed the study of cell growth and development. For this discovery Levi-Montalcini and Cohen were awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Bibliography

See her autobiography, In Praise of Imperfection (1988).

Levi-Montalcini, Rita

(1909–  ) neurobiologist; born in Turin, Italy. While a practicing physician, she resisted German occupation by hiding in Florence and aiding war refugees (1943–45). She taught at the University of Turin (1945–47), then came to the U.S.A. to join Washington University (St. Louis) (1947–77). Her studies of nerve growth factor, isolated in 1952 from cultures of mouse tumor cells, won Levi-Montalcini and collaborator Stanley Cohen the 1986 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. She divided her time between the U.S.A. and the National Research Council in Rome (1961–89), then moved to Rome permanently to be with her twin sister (1989).
References in periodicals archive ?
Rita Levi Montalcini, the Italian-Jewish scientist, physician, and neurobiologist who won a Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1986 with her colleague Stanley Cohen for the discovery of how cells selectively prune and communicate with each other, died on Sunday at the age of 103 in her native Italy.
Through the centuries, figures like Leonardo, Galileo Galilei, Alessandro Volta, then Enrico Fermi and Guglielmo Marconi until to the contemporaries Carlo Rubbia, Nicola Cabibbo, Rita Levi Montalcini (just to cite few names) testify to a culture that made Italy great in the world: the same culture that still today represents the most precious heritage for the young generations.
El proyecto ha recibido el apoyo formal de varias personalidades de reconocimiento internacional, como Desmond Tutu, Rigoberta Menchu, Jody Williams y Mohamad Yunus, premios Nobel de la Paz; Rita Levi Montalcini, premio Nobel de Fisiologia y Medicina; de los ex presidentes Mijail Gorbachov (ex URSS), Felipe Gonzalez (Espana), Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Brasil), Ricardo Lagos (Chile); del principe Charles de Gran Bretana; y de Danielle Miterrand, presidenta de la Fundacion France Libertes, entre otros.
Rita Levi Montalcini, Nobel Prize Winner for Medicine in 1986, was born in Turin on April 22, 1909, but Milan will be celebrating the birthday in advance, tomorrow and Saturday.
Elogio dell'imperfezione, opera di Rita Levi Montalcini apparsa nel 1988, e trattata nel quarto capitolo.
In 2012, Dompe acquired Anabasis, an Italian biotech company that develops innovative drugs based on rhNGF (whose discovery earned Professor Rita Levi Montalcini the Nobel Prize for Medicine) for serious eye diseases for which there are no effective treatments available.