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Related to Roanoke: Roanoke Island, Croatoan


(rō`ənōk), city (1990 pop. 96,397), independent and in no co., SW Va., on the Roanoke River; settled c.1740, inc. 1882, as a city, 1884. It is situated between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mts., at the southern end of the Shenandoah valley. A tiny village known as Big Lick until the establishment of a railroad junction there in 1882, Roanoke developed into the region's commercial, transportation, and industrial center. It contains railroad shops and factories that manufacture machinery; chemicals; metal, concrete, and plastic products; foods and beverages; fixtures; electrical equipment; and furniture. Hollins Univ. is there, and Roanoke College is nearby. The city is headquarters for the Jefferson National Forest. Of interest are transportation, science, and art museums and a planetarium.


river, c.410 mi (660 km) long, rising in SW Va. and flowing generally southeast across the Blue Ridge Mts. and into Albemarle Sound, NE N.C. The lower river is navigable for small craft. A comprehensive flood-control and hydroelectric-power scheme has been initiated on the river. Among a series of constructed dams, John H. Kerr Dam impounds one of the largest reservoirs in the United States. Roanoke, Va., is the chief city on the river.

Roanoke (Independent City), Virginia

215 Church Ave SW
Roanoke, VA 24011
Phone: (540) 853-2000
Fax: (540) 853-1138

In south-central VA, southwest of Lynchburg. Established in 1852 as Big Lick, for the large salt marsh where deer fed; incorporated in 1874. Name changed to Roanoke in 1882, became a city 1884. Convention and railroad center. Name Origin: From an Indian name applied to an island, possibly meaning '(place to find) shells that are used for money' or 'place where white shells are found.'

Area (sq mi):: 42.91 (land 42.88; water 0.03) Population per square mile: 2160.20
Population 2005: 92,631 State rank: 18 Population change: 2000-20005 -2.40%; 1990-2000 -1.50% Population 2000: 94,911 (White 68.80%; Black or African American 26.70%; Hispanic or Latino 1.50%; Asian 1.20%; Other 2.70%). Foreign born: 3.10%. Median age: 37.60
Income 2000: per capita $18,468; median household $30,719; Population below poverty level: 15.90% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $24,698-$28,814
Unemployment (2004): 4.60% Unemployment change (from 2000): 1.00% Median travel time to work: 19.30 minutes Working outside county of residence: 38.00%
Cities with population over 10,000:
  • Roanoke County seat (92,352)

  • See other counties in .



    a city in the southeastern USA, in Virginia, on the Roanoke River. Population, 91,000 (1974; 220,000 including suburbs).

    Roanoke is a railroad junction. It produces man-made fibers—it has one of the largest factories in the country—and electrical equipment. The city also has furniture, clothing, and food-processing industries. As of 1973, Roanoke’s industries employed 21,000 people.



    a river in the eastern USA. Length, 725 km; basin area, approximately 25,000 sq km.

    The Roanoke originates on the western slopes of the Blue Ridge Mountains of the Appalachian system, passes through the Piedmont and the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and flows into Albemarle Sound on the Atlantic coast. The river’s average flow rate is 230 cu m per sec; maximum flow is in late spring, and minimum flow is in early autumn. Hydroelectric power plants are located on the Roanoke. The river is navigable for small boats in its lower course.


    Carolina settlement that twice vanished, leaving no trace (1587). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 430]


    fate of colony has never been established (1580s). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 430]
    See: Mystery
    References in periodicals archive ?
    Windsor Aughtry Hotel Group and Hospitality America are excited to bring first class lodging to the downtown Roanoke market.
    Roanoke Cement Company plans a second release of trout into nearby Catawba Creek as another step in this program.
    This generated additional funding for urban forestry and caused ripples that spread throughout the region, ranging from support for Roanoke Valley greenways to individual neighborhood development and infrastructure retrofits using low-impact practices for handling stormwater.
    Several dozen flights come and go daily at Roanoke Regional Airport.
    The Roanoke office building was built in 1992 and consists of 203,000 square feet of office space.
    Most recently and perhaps most tellingly--John Collins, one of those who were wounded at the Backstreet Cafe, told The Washington Post that he was afraid of losing his job at a Roanoke car dealership after being outed as a gay man in the wake of the tragedy.
    When retired career forester Charles Blankenship founded the Roanoke Valley Urban Forestry Council in 1993, he merely wanted to network with professionals in related fields.
    We are excited to expand our operations in the Roanoke Valley," said Bill Elmore, Coca-Cola Consolidated President and Chief Operating Officer.
    The CoLab, opened early in 2014, is a valuable tool for business owners across Roanoke and will be a key asset to the ScaleUp program's resource pool.
    It s a pleasure to welcome Roanoke County into our expanding family of Infor Managed Services clients, said Beth Dvoracek, vice president, Infor practice leader at Ciber.
    This important sponsorship complements recent strides to improve our environmental footprint within the Roanoke Valley community," says Robert Sells, President of the Mid-Atlantic Business Unit.
    24, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Virginia Democratic Senator Mark Warner holds a comfortable 19-point lead over Republican challenger Ed Gillespie, according to the latest Roanoke College Poll.