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(also raba), in ancient Rus’, a female slave who was either a concubine for her master or a servant, wet nurse, or housekeeper in her master’s household. According to the Russkaia Pravda, a master’s children and the roba who bore them were freed after the master’s death.

A roba was also the wife of a kholop, or male slave; a kholop was a member of the lowest category of the dependent population during the period of feudalism. The marriage of a freeman to a roba conferred upon him the status of a slave, except in those cases when a special agreement had been made with the woman’s owner.


Zimin, A. A. Kholopy na Rusi (S drevneishikh vremen do XV v.). Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
Higher values were recorded for Roba 1 than New BILFA 58 under both growth conditions (Table 1).
Mombeeck and Roba have published several earlier volumes relating the activities of other German flying units.
They have been carrying out all kinds of attack including grenade attacks," Roba said, commending officers for gunning them down.
We think that the improvement of its performance should be significant because ROBA outperforms some classic works in this field, and because a number of research works have applied it successfully since it was proposed in 2006.
The cool and pleasant early morning called for a long walk beside the river where the Roba and the Danube meet.
Both Roba Metal Ltd's existing headquarters and the new building are on the Arden Forest Industrial Estate just a few hundred yards apart.
16 while Ethiopian Roba Gary took the final automatic qualification place in 8:18.
Addressing the protestors and speaking with media men Maqbool Umrani said that water is not allowed to reach tail in Tehsil Tamboo and distributaries Umrani, Magsi and Roba.
I think it's a good way of getting to a start," agreed Roba Makarem, one of the Lebanese participants at the encounter.
Tune, who finished in 2:25:25, was the first Ethiopian woman to win since Fatuma Roba won three straight from 1997-99.
The company launched its Roba Dolce (Sweet Stuff) brand two years ago, marketing to caterers, college campuses, and restaurants, and small grocers.
Here, the focus is on intrinsic profitability (or intrinsic health) of operating activities (in a broad sense, but to exclude pure financial or exceptional activities), and therefore, the ROBA is preferred.