Robert Bakewell


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Bakewell, Robert,

1725–95, English livestock breeder and agriculturist. He successfully bred livestock for meat rather than appearance, developing new breeds, which included the Leicester sheep and the Dishley, or New Leicestershire, longhorn cattle. He introduced the progeny test for selective breeding and also improved methods of housing stock, cultivating grass, and manuring.
References in periodicals archive ?
Take the example of Robert Bakewell, a Leicestershire farmer who took over the running of his father's farm in 1760 at the age of thirty-three.
Harriet Ritvo's essay on Robert Bakewell and his success in sheepbreeding in eighteenth century England considers how he controlled his rights to his genetic discoveries.
Other prominent mineralogists who maintained personal mineral collections included the chemist William Wollaston (1766-1828), discoverer of palladium and rhodium, and inventor of the reflecting goniometer; Johann Schmeisser (1767-1837), who under the sponsorship of the Linnaean Society gave the first course of lectures on mineralogy ever presented in London (in 1793), shortly thereafter publishing a System of Mineralogy (1795) much used in British and American colleges; Robert Bakewell (1768-1843), author of Introduction to Mineralogy (1819), whose mineral collection was sold at auction in 1844; the widely traveled Cambridge Professor of Mineralogy Dr.
Then there was Robert Bakewell and Jethro Tull (the inventor of the seed drill - not the pop group, though ironically Ian Anderson, their lead singer, is now a farmer).