Robert Delaunay

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Delaunay, Robert

(rōbĕr` dəlōnā`), 1885–1941, French painter; husband of Sonia Delaunay-TerkDelaunay-Terk, Sonia
, 1885–1979, Russian painter and designer; wife of Robert Delaunay. Raised in St. Petersburg, she moved to Paris in 1905. With her husband, she developed orphism, a movement that strove for the harmonious mixture of colors.
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. By 1909, Delaunay had progressed from a neoimpressionist phase to cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, applying cubist principles to the exploration of color. He immediately enlarged cubist themes to include the architecture of cities (e.g., La Ville de Paris, 1912; Musée d'Art moderne, Paris). He became a major figure in the movement Apollinaire termed orphismorphism,
a short-lived movement in art founded in 1912 by Robert Delaunay, Frank Kupka, the Duchamp brothers, and Roger de la Fresnaye. Apollinaire coined the term orphism
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. This amalgam of fauve color, futurist dynamism, and analytical cubism sought to emulate the rhythms but not the appearance of nature. Delaunay is most famous for his series of paintings of the Eiffel Tower; one of them is in the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City.


See M. Hoog, Delauney (1977).

References in periodicals archive ?
It is Cezanne who was the precursor and illuminator of Cubism,' wrote the French modernist Robert Delaunay, who saw revelatory exhibitions of the recently deceased artist's watercolours in Paris in 1909 and 1910: 'Cezanne's watercolours: the investigation of coloured planes .
That the sewing of a baby blanket could become the foundation for launching a lifelong career--as an abstract Simultanist painter alongside her husband, Robert Delaunay and, later, an impresario of related fabric and fashion businesses--vividly demonstrates the prototypically twentieth-century possibilities--aesthetic, familial, com-mercial--she both exploited and helped to introduce.
Inspired by the two-dimensional abstract art of Frantisek Kupka and Robert Delaunay that he had seen in Europe in 1909, Wright has here, paradoxically, used the traditional craft of stained glass to create a work that reflects the emergence of abstract art.
But what is particularly interesting is that while the young Jewish painter from Vitebsk in the Pale of Settlement (now part of modern-day Belarus) was influenced by the work of Cubists like Robert Delaunay for example, it was always on his own artistic terms, creating paintings uniquely and idiosyncratically his own.
Among her influences Mary lists the French artist Robert Delaunay who, with his wife Sonia, developed an art movement called orphism which featured strong colours and geometric shapes.
These radical concepts immediately resonated with poets and writers, many of whom were also in Weber's Parisian circle: Guillaume Apollinaire, Robert Delaunay, Gertrude Stein.
It was a marriage of convenience but they shared a strange love and studied African and Egyptian art until she met Robert Delaunay and married him.
In 1910 she married the painter Robert Delaunay, and through the 1910s the two worked closely together on their theory of "simultaneity," or the sensation of movement and rhythm created by the simultaneous contrasts of certain colors.
The Guggenheim Museum is unique in its focus on the in-depth presentation of the oeuvre of a select number of outstanding artists, among them Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Robert Delaunay, Constantin Brancusi, Piet Mondrian and Pablo Picasso.
Robert Delaunay, Fernand Leger, Albert Gleizes, and Juan Gris elaborated on Picasso and Braque's interpretation of Cubism, tailoring it to their own sensibilities.
Highlights include original elements from the foyer of the Strand Palace Hotel, London - restored especially for this exhibition, works from Ruhlmann's art deco Grand Salon, Cartier jewellery, paintings and sculpture by Fernand Leger, Sonia and Robert Delaunay and Constantin Brancusi, and fashion from designers Jeanne Lanvin, Coco Chanel, Elsa Schiaperelli and Madeleine Vionnet.
12--Imogene Cunningham, 1883; Robert Delaunay, 1885