Robert II


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Robert II,

1316–90, king of Scotland (1371–90), nephew and successor of David IIDavid II
(David Bruce), 1324–71, king of Scotland (1329–71), son and successor of Robert I. David's guardians were not strong enough to prevent the invasion (1332) of Scotland by Edward de Baliol, who, with the support of Edward III of England, was victorious at
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. He was the first sovereign of the house of Stuart, or Stewart (see StuartStuart
or Stewart,
royal family that ruled Scotland and England. The Stuart lineage began in a family of hereditary stewards of Scotland, the earliest of whom was Walter (d. 1177), grandson of a Norman adventurer.
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, family), which eventually succeeded to the English as well as the Scottish throne. The son of Walter the Steward and Marjory, daughter of Robert I, he was regent three times (1333–35, 1338–41, and 1346–58) for David II during the latter's exile and captivity. He thus led the resistance to Edward de BaliolBaliol, Edward de
, d. 1363, king of Scotland, son of John de Baliol (d. 1315). Having secured English support for his claim to the Scottish throne, he invaded Scotland in 1332 and was crowned at Scone.
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 and Edward III of England. Robert rebelled against his uncle in 1363 when David recognized Edward III as his successor. On David's death (1371), however, he succeeded peacefully to the throne, in accordance with the succession law adopted in 1318. Robert's first marriage took place after the birth of several of his sons, but their succession to the throne was legitimized by an act of Parliament in 1373. Through most of his reign the government was dominated by two of these sons—John, earl of Carrick (later Robert IIIRobert III,
1340?–1406, king of Scotland (1390–1406), eldest son and successor of Robert II. Known before his accession as John, earl of Carrick, he ruled for his father until 1389, when, having been crippled by a horse, he was supplanted by his brother Robert (see
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) and Robert StuartStuart or Stewart, Robert, 1st duke of Albany,
1340?–1420, regent of Scotland; third son of Robert II.
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, later 1st duke of Albany. The Scots in alliance with France fought off several English invasions; they invaded England without assistance in 1388 and won a great victory at Otterburn. Robert was succeeded by Robert III.

Robert II

(Robert Curthose), c.1054–1134, duke of Normandy (1087–1106); eldest son of King William IWilliam I
or William the Conqueror,
1027?–1087, king of England (1066–87). Earnest and resourceful, William was not only one of the greatest of English monarchs but a pivotal figure in European history as well.
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 of England. Aided by King Philip I of France, he rebelled (1077) against his father. Father and son became reconciled, but Robert was later exiled. At William's death he inherited Normandy. England fell to his younger brother William II, with whom Robert was intermittently at war (1090–96) until Robert went (1096–1100) on the First Crusade. While he was away, William II died and Henry I, youngest son of William I, was crowned. Robert invaded (1101) England but was forced to recognize Henry. In Normandy, Robert's misgovernment prompted an invasion by Henry (1105), who defeated (1106) Robert at Tinchebrai, seized Normandy, and kept Robert a prisoner.

Bibliography

See biography by C. W. David (1920).


Robert II

(Robert the Pious), 970–1031, king of France (996–1031); son of Hugh Capet, with whom he was joint king after 987. Distinguished for his piety and learning, he also sought to strengthen the weak royal power, conquered several towns, and secured the duchy of Burgundy for the crown. His son and successor was Henry I.

Robert II

1316--90, king of Scotland (1371--90)
References in periodicals archive ?
2) In this 1996 photo, Robert Selleck, surrounded by sons Tom, Robert II and Dan, stands amid the rubble of the old Van Nuys GM plant, which he helped redevelop into a shopping center.
He said: "His heritage is as straight as an arrow right back to Robert II.
Iain has been intrigued for years about Bonnie Prince Charlie and his brother Henry who, in his will, left the Crown of Scotland vacant to anyone who could trace their ancestry back to the first Stuart king Robert II.
The man who discovered Jim's lineage - Ian Fleming, from Motherwell, says his heritage can be traced back to Robert II, King from 1371 to 1390.
Survivors include his wife; two sons, Stephen of Yoncalla and Robert II of Vernonia; a daughter, Karen Hall of Shelton, Wash.
Erickson and his former wife, Gina; four grandchildren, Heather, Robert II, David, and Bryan; and many nieces & nephews and their families.
Survivors include his wife; three sons, Robert II, of Salem, Christopher of McMinnville and Stephen of Portland; a daughter, Martha Mills of Eugene; a sister, Margaret Pendola of Roseville, Calif.
The crown passed to Robert the Stewart, who became Robert II of Scotland.
Erickson of NC; four sisters, Nancy Ritacco of Worcester, Helen Hayward of Millbury, Doris Danielson of FL, and Mildred Ricchiazzi of Barre; four grandchildren, Heather, Robert II, David, and Bryan; and many nieces & nephews and their families.
a son, Robert II of Eugene; a brother Hugh of Richmond; 11 grandchildren; 15 great-grandchildren; and five great- great-grandchildren.