Robert Robinson

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Robinson, Robert


Born Sept. 13, 1886, in Bufford, near Chesterfield; died Feb. 24, 1975, in London. British organic chemist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1920).

Robinson earned a doctorate in science upon completion of his studies at Victoria University of Manchester in 1910. He was a professor of organic chemistry at the universities of Sydney (1912–15), Liverpool (1915–21), Manchester (1922–28), and London (1928–30) and a professor of chemistry at Oxford University (1930–55). He was president of the Chemical Society of Great Britain (1939–41) and the Royal Society of London (1945–50).

Robinson was one of the founders of the chemistry of natural compounds. He investigated the structure of many alkaloids, isoprenoids, and anthocyanins and determined the structure of morphine and strychnine. He was successful in synthesizing such compounds as atropine, cocaine, and pelargonidin. The schemes for alkaloid biogenesis proposed by Robinson served as a basis for numerous experimental studies in this field. Robinson was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1947 and was a foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966).


Perspektivy razvitiia organicheskoi khimii (collection of articles). Moscow, 1959. (Translated from English and German.)
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Holmfirth results - 1 Dave Watson, M40, 28-52; 10 James Durrans, M40, 33-01; 12 Jonathan Sykes, 2nd M45, 33-01; 18 Dave Roberts, 3rd M45 34-08; 30 Margaret Sykes, 2nd lady and 2nd F40, 35-17; 48 David Drake, M45, 37-16; 60 Sean McCaffrey, M45, 39-00; 66 Ian Moore, M55, 39-26; 81 Robert Robinson, M55, 40-00; 137 Bill Hunter, M65, 46-11; 144 Jo Bailey Tailor, F40, 46-41; 161 Tim Cock, 1st M70, 48-03; 177 Paul Winn, M55, 50-35; 210 Angela Smith, F50, 60-57; 216 Den Kersey F60, 63-31.
Robert Robinson of Maes yr Afon, Holywell, who has pleaded guilty, recently had a successful heart valve operation.