Rogers, Robert

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Rogers, Robert,

1731–95, American frontiersman, b. Methuen, Mass. As a child he moved with his family to the New Hampshire frontier. In King George's War (1744–48) he served briefly as a scout. In the last of the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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 he was appointed (1758) major in command of all rangers. Rogers led (1759) his men in a daring expedition that resulted in the destruction of the Native Americans of the Saint Francis branch of the AbnakiAbnaki
or Abenaki
, Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The name Abnaki was given to them by the French; properly it should be Wabanaki,
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. In 1760 he was sent to receive the submission of the French posts on the Great Lakes, and in 1763 he served on the expedition to defend Fort Detroit, which was threatened by Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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.

His many exploits made him a popular hero, but his participation in illicit trade with the Native Americans brought him into official disgrace. He went (1765) to England to obtain pay for his service. There he was much feted, and his Journals and A Concise Account of North America were published in 1765. He also wrote a crude play, Ponteach (1766), important primarily as an early American drama.

Successful in securing an appointment as commander of the post at MackinacMackinac
, historic region of the Old Northwest (see Northwest Territory), a shortening of Michilimackinac. The name, in the past, was variously applied to different areas: to Mackinac Island; to Michigan; to the whole fur-trading region supplied from the island; to the northern
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, he returned to the Northwest. His career there has been the subject of much speculation and discussion. Rogers, who was ambitious to find the Northwest PassageNorthwest Passage,
water routes through the Arctic Archipelago, N Canada, and along the northern coast of Alaska between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Even though the explorers of the 16th cent.
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, sent out the mysterious expedition of Jonathan CarverCarver, Jonathan,
1710–80, American explorer, b. Weymouth, Mass. He served in the French and Indian War and in 1766 was hired by Robert Rogers to undertake a journey to some of the Western tribes.
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 to the Northwest, quarreled with his associates, was accused of plotting to set up an independent state, and was arrested on charges of treasonable dealings with the French. Brought to Montreal in chains and court-martialed, he was acquitted of all charges.

In 1769 he went to England, but he returned in 1775 to America and played such an equivocal role at the beginning of the American Revolution that he was imprisoned as a Loyalist spy. He escaped and openly joined the Loyalists, but his record in the war was anything but distinguished. In 1780 he returned to England, dying there in 1795 in obscurity.

Bibliography

See his play, Ponteach, ed. with a biographical account by A. Nevins (1914, repr. 1973); his journals, ed. by F. B. Hough (1883, repr. 1966); biography by J. R. Cuneo (1959).

Rogers, Robert

(1731–95) frontiersman, soldier; born in Metheun, Mass. He led colonial troops during the French and Indian War. "Roger's Rangers" fought the French and Indians successfully in the wilderness. He fought on the Loyalist side during the American Revolution.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following the 1989 release of Cry of The Eagle, a book tracking Willier's life as a traditional healer and his treatment of 10 patients afflicted with psoriasis, the duo this time enlists botanist Robert Rogers to provide commentary on folk uses and the explicit properties of 61 plants in Willier's repertoire.
Robert Rogers had lured officers to his remote Northumberland home by making a 999 call saying he was going to put a bullet in his partner's head.
And crossbench peer Robert Rogers, said Tory talk of a constitutional crisis was "entirely hyperbolic".
Deputy Commissioner Robert Rogers is appearing for the CU Department in the case and is represented by state Assistant Attorney General Everett Jobe.
Perhaps better known as Sir Robert Rogers, Lord Lisvane is the former clerk of the House of Commons - its most senior official.
But the former Clerk of the House, Sir Robert Rogers, couldn't be more accommodating.
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The former Commons Clerk Sir Robert Rogers accused me of being a scaremonger.
Robert Rogers, Senior Advisor for Food Safety and Regulation at METTLER TOLEDO Product Inspection Group, serves as a subject matter expert to various regu-latory and industry organizations such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) and the Packaging Machinery Manufactur-ers Institute (PMMI) and writes articles and blogs about this critical industry issue.
Outgoing clerk Sir Robert Rogers retired this summer amid claims he had been forced out after clashing with Mr Bercow.
Most recently, Mr Fabricant called for an inquiry into why Commons clerk Sir Robert Rogers decided to retire.
The Lichfield MP used the opportunity of a motion to mark the retirement this summer of Sir Robert Rogers after a 42-year parliamentary career to claim that Mr Bercow had used the F-word at the clerk.