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In the mid-1120s, Earl Robert of Gloucester had established the western frontier of the Norman lordship of Glamorgan on the banks of the river Neath.
After the king's imprisonment it appeared that his regime would collapse but by a weird irony, the most effective and talented opposition leader, Robert of Gloucester, Empress Matilda's half-brother, was captured by royalist forces at Stockbridge later that year.
15) Layamon heh, heihliche, heyes, neh, neih, nih, nere, inoh, inowe Owl and the Nightingale heh, heie, neh, ney, inoh Sir Orfeo heiye, nere Castel of Love heiynesse, hyhhe, neih, nyyh, sleih-, inouh Myrour of Lewed Men hegh, ynogh Robert of Gloucester Chr.
222), and Gray, Hardyng, and scribes of Robert of Gloucester locate the details they derive from romances in these years (pp.
In their book The Keys To Avalon, Steve Blake andScott Lloyd claim deliberate mistranslations by a 12th century scholar led to a Robert of Gloucester claiming the legend as the basis for his bid for power.
Contemporary chronicles grudgingly identify Matilda with power, focusing on Matilda's familial relationships to male leaders, such as her first husband, Emperor Henry, her half-brother, Robert of Gloucester, and her second husband, Geoffrey of Anjou.
Nationhood also implies a history, and this is investigated with reference to a range of chronicles, both Middle English texts by Robert Mannyng and Robert of Gloucester and also some Anglo-Norman chronicles.
In the mid 1120s, Earl Robert of Gloucester had established the western frontier of the Norman lordship of Glamorgan on the banks of the river Neath.
b) 1297 Robert of Gloucester, Gloucestershire (nSW) [3245] 97 NIM (nom/e/on 64, i/y-nome 19, nyme/p 8, nime/p 6) 20 TAK (tok (toc) 13, take 5, i-take 2)
The beginnings of an answer can be found in some of the early chronicles, including those by Robert of Gloucester and Robert Manning.
Some lay owners can also be identified, the most famous of them in the generation that followed completion of the work: Walter Especc received a copy from Duke Robert of Gloucester, one of the dedicates of the Historia, and he passed it on to Gaimar, who wrote an Anglo-Norman adaptation.