Paranthropus

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Paranthropus

(pârăn`thrəpəs): see AustralopithecusAustralopithecus
, an extinct hominin genus found in Africa between about 4 and 1 million years ago. At least seven species of australopithecines are now generally recognized, including Australopithecus afarensis, A. africanus, A. bahrelghazali, A.
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Paranthropus

 

a genus of higher biped fossil primates, whose bone remains have been found in East and South Africa. It closely resembles the group Australopithecus, and together the two form the family (subfamily) Australopithicinae. Paranthropus was larger than Australopithecus and was primarily vegetarian, as can be deduced from the structure of the molar teeth. He had a relatively large brain (averaging 510 cc), which externally resembled the brain of modern anthropoid apes. Paranthropus lived between 4 and 1 million years ago.

REFERENCE

Iakimov, V. P. “Avstralopitekovye.” In the collection Iskopaemye gominidy i proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1966. (Trudy In-ta etnografii AN SSSR, vol. 92.)
References in periodicals archive ?
afarensis, in a roughly 2-million-year-old robust australopithecine species known as Australopithecus robustus, and in modern gorillas, the researchers report in an upcoming Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
africanus was another robust australopithecine, he says.
5 million years ago, when robust australopithecines thrived.
A diet of wetland prey would explain why robust australopithecines needed large molars.
Two anatomical traits that robust australopithecines required to accommodate their unusual tooth proportions probably triggered the formation of many skull features used in cladistic studies, McCollum holds.
Variations in the shape of their huge cheek teeth also suggest that southern and eastern robust australopithecines evolved separately, a possibility that clashes with the cladistic findings, McCollum argues in the April 9 SCIENCE.
Thus, he argues, Falk inappropriately uses only one anatomical feature -- venous drainage patterns--to group Lucy and other Hadar hominids with robust australopithecines.
Notes Holly Smith, "The new CT study is quite important, but it clearly shows that Taung would not have grown up to be a robust australopithecine.
Connecting the nasal bones, he reported, was a keystone-shaped pattern of sutures that characterizes only robust australopithecines, also known as Paranthropus, as well two other distinct suture patterns marking modern apes and humans.
58) and was either related to or a direct ancestor of the later robust australopithecines, A.
Clarke says some of the specimenshave larger teeth and flatter faces and brows, indicating that they were an ancestral stock for both southern and eastern robust australopithecines.
Lucy's larger colors at Hadar were, inOlson's view, the most primitive members of the robust australopithecine lineage, which he prefers to call Paranthropus.

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