Rodolphe Kreutzer


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Kreutzer, Rodolphe

 

Born Nov. 16, 1766, in Versailles; died Jan. 6, 1831, in Geneva. French violinist, composer, conductor, and teacher.

Kreutzer was a founder of the 19th-century French school of violin. He enjoyed world fame as a violinist. Beethoven valued his playing and dedicated the Violin Sonata Opus 47 to him (the Kreutzer Sonata). In 1795, Kreutzer became a professor at the Paris Conservatory; his pupils included the violinists C. Lafont and J. L. Massart. His collection Forty-two Etudes or Caprices for Violin is a classic work in pedagogic literature. He wrote violin studies (with P. Baillot and P. Rode, published in 1802) and composed violin concertos, operas, ballets, and chamber music.

REFERENCES

Kling, H. Rodolphe Kreutzer. Brussels, 1898.
Cutter, B. How to Study Kreutzer. London, 1907.

I. M. IAMPOL’SKII

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This might have assured him a place in music history along side his close friend Cherubim or even Spontini, though his opera-composing follower Rodolphe Kreutzer is hardly remembered as such.
35 Selected Studies for String Bass--Luigi Rossi, by Rodolphe Kreutzer, Philippe Libon, Joseph Mayseder, Giovanni Battista Polledro, Ludwig Spohr and Pierre Rode; edited by Thomas Martin.
This Rossi collection includes 11 studies by Rodolphe Kreutzer, 12 by Philippe Libon, three by Joseph Mayseder, one by Giovanni Battista Polledro, four by Ludwig Spohr and four by Pierre Rode.
The school he founded, whose pillars were Pierre Rode, Rodolphe Kreutzer, and Pierre Baillot (all professors at the Paris Conservatoire), would follow the example of their great Italian mentor in matters of style and musical taste, and influence the violin concerto even into the late romantic age.