Roger Vailland


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Vailland, Roger

 

Born Oct. 16, 1907, in Acy-en-Multien, Oise Department; died May 12, 1965, near the city of Bourg-en-Bresse. French writer and public figure.

Vailland joined the French Communist Party in 1952. He published the surrealistic journal Grand jeu (1927). Vailland was a participant in and chronicler of the Resistance Movement (the novel Strange Game, 1945). After Vailland became disenchanted with modernism (the essay Surrealism Against the Revolution, 1948), he found in realism the possibilities for refined psychological analysis (the novel Blows to the Back, 1948), historical substantiation of the ideas and actions of a 20th-century man (the novel A Young Man Alone, 1951), pronouncing a verdict against the military (the play Colonel Foster Admits His Guilt, 1951; Russian translation, 1952), and expressing sympathy for millions of fellahin (the sketches What I Saw in Egypt, 1952; Russian translation, 1953). Vailland visited the USSR in 1953.

In the novel Beau Masque (1954; in Russian translation, Pierrette Amable, 1956), Vailland presented a penetrating examination of all the classes of French society and put proletarian solidarity and the human grandeur of his heroes in the foreground. According to Vailland the solitary pursuit of happiness is a trap for the worker (the novel 325,000 Francs, 1955). Having undergone a spiritual crisis and having lost his historical optimism, Vailland limited himself in his last works to a naturalistic anatomy of individual passions (the novels The Law, 1957 and The Holiday, 1960) and psychological incidents (the novel The Trout, 1964). But even during his last years Vailland protested against bourgeois obscurantism (the collection of essays The Cold Look, 1963).

WORKS

Ecrits intimes. Paris, 1968.
In Russian translation:
“325,000 frankov.” Zvezda, 1956, no. 7.

REFERENCES

Evnina, E. M. Sovremennyi frantsuzskii roman, 1940-1960. Moscow, 1962.
Biblio, 1959, no. 10. (Issue devoted to Vailland.)
F. N. “Roger Vailland.” France Nouvelle, 1965, May 19-25, no. 1022.
Brochier, J. J. R. Vailland. Paris, 1969.

V. P. BALASHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
El tercero de los amigos, el novelista Roger Vailland (1907-1965), quien en Drole de jeu (1945) traspaso sus recuerdos de juventud al mundo de la Resistencia, hubo de desintoxicarse con el comunismo, sobreviviendo a sus amigos, segun dijo, a causa de su ligereza.
En 1922, en el curso equivalente al tercer ano de secundaria en Mexico, Daumal conoce en el Liceo de Reims a Roger-Gilbert Lecomte, Roger Vailland y Robert Meyrat, con quienes comparte inquietudes literarias.
Breton inicia la reunion juzgando la calidad moral de los presentes y condena un articulo reciente de Roger Vailland en el que este ha elogiado al jefe de la policia de Paris.
Prefaced by a critical 'sprint' through the life and career of Roger Vailland, this excellent guide concentrates on the literary, social, and political aspects of two of his novels, namely Un jeune homme seal, a 'Resistance novel' with a difference, and 325 000 francs, a mid-twentieth-century satire of capitalism.
L'importance accordee aux mots, aux tournures, court tout au long de la revue, particulierement dans l'article de Samia Moucharik, << Trois romans pour trois figures : l'ouvrier, le militant, la greve >>, qui a partir d'oeuvres romanesques de Paul Nizan (Le cheval de Troie), Roger Vailland (Beau Masque) et Natacha Michel (Le jour oo le temps a attendu son heure), considere la mise en scene et en paroles de l'engagement d'ouvriers communistes, du parti orthodoxe pour les deux premiers, d'une ecclesiole maoiste pour le troisieme.
The first is that Roger Vailland was not a communist in 1944 (p.
In 1994 Apert was awarded the Prix Roger Vailland for his essay Residence d'automne.
He descubierto autores de los que no tenia la mas remota idea, como sucedio con Cansinos-Assens y Roger Vailland.
After the publication of La Place rouge, his last and heavily autobiographical novel, which closes on a note of high approval for the Soviet Union, he wrote a long letter to Roger Vailland in which he outlined his dilemma:
This (r)evolutionary pattern leads to what Roger Vailland four years later in L'experience du drame, a unique contribution to the debate about socialist realism, would term 'une nouvere situation, radicalement, qualitativement nouveue'.