Roman Polanski

(redirected from Roman Polanksi)
Roman Polanski
Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański
Birthday
BirthplaceParis, France
Occupation
Actor, director, producer, screenwriter

Polanski, Roman,

1933–, Polish-French film director, b. Paris. His family returned to Kraków, Poland, when he was three. His parents were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps and his mother died at Auschwitz, but Polanski, living partly on his own, escaped the Holocaust. He began to act after the war and later (1954–59) studied filmmaking in Łódź, where he made a number of notable shorts, e.g., Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958). His first feature-length work, the Polish-language Knife in the Water (1962), a sexually charged psychological drama, brought him international acclaim. From his earliest efforts and throughout his career, Polanski has exhibited a taste for dramatic situations presented with a cool lack of sentimentality and marked by unexpected violence and a sense of irony, black humor, and isolation and dread. Moving to England, he made three films, the best known of which is the intense, erotic, and terrifying Repulsion (1965).

Polanski went on to Hollywood in 1968 and that year made his American debut with the horror classic Rosemary's Baby, his greatest commercial success. In 1969 his pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, and a group of their friends were murdered by members of the Charles Manson "family." Subsequently, Polanski settled in France but returned to the States to make the award-winning noir detective thriller Chinatown (1974). After pleading guilty to statutory rape in 1977, he fled (1978) before sentencing to France, where he had become (1976) a citizen, and has not returned to the United States. In 2009 he was arrested in Switzerland on an outstanding warrant arising from the case and placed under house arrest, but he was not extradited (2010) and was released. A request for extradition from Poland was also denied (2015–16).

Polanski's subsequent films include Tess (1980), based on a Thomas HardyHardy, Thomas,
1840–1928, English novelist and poet, b. near Dorchester, one of the great English writers of the 19th cent.

The son of a stonemason, he derived a love of music from his father and a devotion to literature from his mother.
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 novel; the thriller Frantic (1988); the erotically compelling Bitter Moon (1992); and Death and the Maiden (1994), based on an Ariel DorfmanDorfman, Ariel
, 1942–, Chilean novelist, playwright, essayist, and journalist, b. Argentina. Dorfman's family moved to the United States shortly after his birth, settling in Chile in 1954. He attended and was later a professor at the Univ. of Chile.
..... Click the link for more information.
 play. After a few largely forgettable films, he directed The Pianist (2002), a brooding, intimate, and fear-haunted drama based on the true story of a Holocaust survivor, for which Polanski received an Academy Award. His next major film was The Ghost Writer (2010), a moody contemporary political thriller that combines menace with irony. He also has acted in and written screenplays for a number of his films.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1984); biographies by T. Kiernan (1981), V. W. Wexman (1985), and C. Sandford (2008); studies by I. Butler (1970), B. Leaming (1981), J. Parker (1993), and D. Bird (2001); A. Corcetti, dir., Roman Polanski: Reflections of Darkness (documentary, 2000); M. Zenovich, dir., Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired (documentary, 2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
As a viewer he sees no need to shun films by Spacey or directors such as Roman Polanksi, who was convicted of rape.
The Parisian-born, Catholic-educated daughter of actors, Deneuve, now 74, sprang to the defens of the French-Polish film director Roman Polanksi last March in a television discussion that drew a rebuke from a regulatory body.
Late on August 9,1969, she and other cult members went to the Beverly Hills home of director Roman Polanksi.
And the reclusive Roman Polanksi says: "There is never enough money.
Summary: Roman Polanksi has been taken into police custody on a 31-year-old U.
Rosemary's Baby'' (1968): Roman Polanksi took Ira Levin's seed-of-Satan premise and turned it into a disturbing horror classic that richly incorporated the freaky fears surrounding pregnancy and motherhood.
Roman Polanksi, the director of "Chinatown" whose last film, 2002's "The Pianist, won him an Oscar, brought all of his maturity and personal orphan experience to bear in "Oliver Twist.
Q ROMAN POLANKSI has had a controversial life - what is he like as a man?
KITBROTM - Drifters' classic AT (BTYCD) - Dud's movie theme, Christopher Cross SNF - JT at the disco, 1977 TP - Roman Polanksi (1) 2002 movie WTD - Spooky TV drama TITLE TEASERSolve the clues and rearrange the words to find Jimmy Hendrix album.
The digitally-restored, BFI-backed re-release of Psycho is timely, given that both Martin Scorsese (Shutter Island) and Roman Polanksi (The Ghost, see review) are both, in their own way, paying tribute to Hitchcock with their current releases.
David Lean Award for Achievement in Direction: Roman Polanksi.