Roman Polanski

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Roman Polanski
Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański
BirthplaceParis, France
Actor, director, producer, screenwriter

Polanski, Roman,

1933–, Polish-French film director, b. Paris. His family returned to Kraków, Poland, when he was three. His parents were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps and his mother died at Auschwitz, but Polanski, living partly on his own, escaped the Holocaust. He began to act after the war and later (1954–59) studied filmmaking in Łódź, where he made a number of notable shorts, e.g., Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958). His first feature-length work, the Polish-language Knife in the Water (1962), a sexually charged psychological drama, brought him international acclaim. From his earliest efforts and throughout his career, Polanski has exhibited a taste for dramatic situations presented with a cool lack of sentimentality and marked by unexpected violence and a sense of irony, black humor, and isolation and dread. Moving to England, he made three films, the best known of which is the intense, erotic, and terrifying Repulsion (1965).

Polanski went on to Hollywood in 1968 and that year made his American debut with the horror classic Rosemary's Baby, his greatest commercial success. In 1969 his pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, and a group of their friends were murdered by members of the Charles Manson "family." Subsequently, Polanski settled in France but returned to the States to make the award-winning noir detective thriller Chinatown (1974). After pleading guilty to statutory rape in 1977, he fled (1978) before sentencing to France, where he had become (1976) a citizen, and has not returned to the United States. In 2009 he was arrested in Switzerland on an outstanding warrant arising from the case and placed under house arrest, but he was not extradited (2010) and was released. A request for extradition from Poland was also denied (2015–16).

Polanski's subsequent films include Tess (1980), based on a Thomas HardyHardy, Thomas,
1840–1928, English novelist and poet, b. near Dorchester, one of the great English writers of the 19th cent.

The son of a stonemason, he derived a love of music from his father and a devotion to literature from his mother.
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 novel; the thriller Frantic (1988); the erotically compelling Bitter Moon (1992); and Death and the Maiden (1994), based on an Ariel DorfmanDorfman, Ariel
, 1942–, Chilean novelist, playwright, essayist, and journalist, b. Argentina. Dorfman's family moved to the United States shortly after his birth, settling in Chile in 1954. He attended and was later a professor at the Univ. of Chile.
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 play. After a few largely forgettable films, he directed The Pianist (2002), a brooding, intimate, and fear-haunted drama based on the true story of a Holocaust survivor, for which Polanski received an Academy Award. His next major film was The Ghost Writer (2010), a moody contemporary political thriller that combines menace with irony. He also has acted in and written screenplays for a number of his films.


See his autobiography (1984); biographies by T. Kiernan (1981), V. W. Wexman (1985), and C. Sandford (2008); studies by I. Butler (1970), B. Leaming (1981), J. Parker (1993), and D. Bird (2001); A. Corcetti, dir., Roman Polanski: Reflections of Darkness (documentary, 2000); M. Zenovich, dir., Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired (documentary, 2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
DIRECTOR Roman Polanski yesterday beat a US attempt to extradite him over a 38-year-old sex charge.
At 80 years of age, Roman Polanski proves he can still surprise - his latest is a dizzying, cat-and-mouse fever dream based on the Broadway hit.
Productions is proud to announce the opening of Venus in Fur, a drama starring Emmanuelle Seigner and Mathieu Amalric, and directed by Roman Polanski.
New York, July 26 ( ANI ): The memoir written by Samantha Geimer, the woman who was raped by Polish-French director Roman Polanski in 1977 is courting controversy after its cover was unveiled.
ACTRESS Kate Winslet yesterday defended her decision to work with controversial director Roman Polanski on his first project since he was freed from house arrest.
Summary: Switzerland will not extradite Roman Polanski to the US to face sentencing for having unlawful sex with a 13-year-old girl in 1977.
FILM director Roman Polanski was a free man yesterday after Switzerland threw out a US request to extradite him on a 33-year-old child sex charge.
FILM director Roman Polanski was declared a free man after Switzerland threw out a US request to extradite him on a 3-year-old child sex charge.
director Roman Polanski will not be extradited to the USA.
STARRING: Pierce Brosnan, Ewan McGregor, Kim Cattrall, Olivia Williams, Tom Wilkinson, Jon Bernthal DIRECTOR: Roman Polanski CERTIFICATE: 15 RUNNING TIME: 128mins REVIEWER'S RATING: .
A LOS ANGELES judge has said film director Roman Polanski must return to the US to be sentenced in a sex case.
AaAaAa At the festival, Kingsley's fans will enjoy a selefction of his best movies such as "Bugsy" by Barry Levinson (1991), "Schindler's List" of Steven Spielberg (1993), "Death and the Maiden" of Roman Polanski (1994), "Sexy Beast" of Jonathan Glazer (2000), "House of Sand and Fog" of Vadim Perelman (2003), "Oliver Twist" of Roman Polanski (2005) and "The Wackness" by Jonathan Levine (2008).