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Romney,England: see New RomneyNew Romney
, town (1991 pop. 4,500), Kent, SE England, in Romney Marsh. Until the sea receded, New Romney lay on the coast and was one of the Cinque Ports. Numerous documents concerning the Cinque Ports are kept in the town guildhall.
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(also Romney marsh), a Kent breed of long-wool, fast-maturing sheep with semifine wool. The breed was developed in the 19th century in southeastern Great Britain by crossing local ewes, raised over many centuries in Kent County, with rams of the Leicester breed. The wool is 12–15 cm long and primarily of 46–50 quality. The fleece is dense. The wool clip from the rams is 6–7 kg, and from the ewes, 3–4 kg. The yield of pure wool is more than 50 percent. The rams weigh 90–130 kg, and the ewes 70–90 kg. The animals are hardy and adapted to a humid climate. In their homeland they are pastured almost year round. They are also found in New Zealand, South America, and Australia. The breed was first brought to Russia in the late 19th century. It is used in the USSR to improve coarse-wooled sheep and for commercial crossbreeding.
REFERENCESRukovodstvo po razvedeniiu zhivotnykh, vol. 3, book 2. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.)
Ovtsevodstvo, vol. 2. Edited by G. R. Litovchenko and P. A. Esaulov. Moscow, 1972.