Romney, Mitt(Willard Mitt Romney) (rŏm`nē), 1947–, American politician and business executive, b. Detroit, Mich., grad. Brigham Young Univ. (B.A., 1971), Harvard (M.B.A., 1975, J.D., 1975). Son of George W. RomneyRomney, George Wilcken
, 1907–95, U.S. public official, b. Mexico, of American parents. He worked (1920–30) as a Senate staff tariff specialist and then entered industry.
..... Click the link for more information. , he worked for Bain and Co., a Boston investment firm, serving as vice president (1978–84) and CEO and chairman (1991–93). From 1984 to 1998 he was at Bain Capital, a related investment firm he cofounded and headed. In 1994 he ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate as a Republican. Following a scandal involving bribery in the awarding of the 2002 Winter Olympics to Salt Lake City, Romney was brought in to head the organizing committee (1999–2002); he reduced severe cost overruns and secured numerous corporate sponsors. He capitalized on his success in managing the Olympics to run for governor of Massachusetts, serving for one term (2003–7). In 2007–8 Romney ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination; his Mormon faith was an issue in some primaries. In 2012, however, he secured the Republican presidential nomination. Romney, the first Mormon to win a major party nomination for president, and his running mate Paul RyanRyan, Paul Davis,
1972–, U.S. politician, b. Janesville, Wis., grad. Miami Univ. (B.S. 1992). A politically active, conservative Republican, he was influenced by the economic theories of Hayek and Friedman and the political philosophy of Ayn Rand.
..... Click the link for more information. lost to the incumbents, ObamaObama, Barack
(Barack Hussein Obama 2d), , 1961–, 44th president of the United States (2009–17), b. Honolulu, grad. Columbia (B.A. 1983), Harvard Law School (J.D. 1991).
..... Click the link for more information. and BidenBiden, Joseph Robinette, Jr.
, 1942–, Vice President of the United States (2009–17), b. Scranton, Pa. A lawyer and Democrat, he was elected to the U.S. Senate from Delaware, where his family had moved when he was young, in 1972, and was reelected six times, retiring
..... Click the link for more information. , in the general election. In 2016 Republican presidential primary season, Romney denounced the candidacy of Donald TrumpTrump, Donald John,
1946–, 45th president of the United States (2017–), b. New York City. Prior to his election as president in 2016, he was a business executive rather than a political leader. After attending Fordham Univ. and the Wharton business school (B.Sc.
..... Click the link for more information. and campaigned against him.
See biographies by R. B. Scott (2011) and M. Kranish and S. Helman (2012).