Rómulo Betancourt

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Betancourt, Rómulo

 

Born Feb. 22, 1908, in Guatiré, the state of Miranda. Venezuelan politician and statesman.

Betancourt studied at the department of law of the Central University, but failed to graduate because of his arrest in 1928 for participation in the movement against the dictatorship of J. V. Gómez (1909–35); he was later exiled from the country. He returned to Venezuela in 1936. (He was also in exile during 1939–41 and 1948–58.) In 1941 he founded the bourgeois nationalist party Democratic Action and became one of its leaders. In 1945–47 he headed the government junta. From 1959 to 1964, Betancourt was president of Venezuela. His government established a regime of terror and violence against the Communist Party and other progressive forces and maintained a hostile position toward revolutionary Cuba. Since 1964 he has been living in Switzerland, maintaining contact with the leaders of Democratic Action.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Castro apoyo las guerrillas venezolanas en lucha por derrocar el gobierno de Romulo Betancourt.
Following the 1958 overthrow of military dictator Marcos Perez Jimenez, the so-called transition to democracy initiated by Romulo Betancourt marked a people's struggle for human rights and justice.
Luego de la caida de la dictadura, Romulo Betancourt con el partido Accion Democratica y otras fuerzas que le acompanaron gana las elecciones para el periodo 1959-1964.
Los pensadores que hemos considerado son: Jose Santos Chocano, Luis Alberto Sanchez, Mariano Picon-Salas, Ciro Alegria, Manuel Seoane, Waldo Frank, Romulo Betancourt, Alfredo Pareja Diez-Canseco, Alberto Ghiraldo, Samuel Glusberg y Jose Ricardo Morales.
But it would reassure this reader, at least, if he would recognize that a figure like Romulo Betancourt himself was a product of historical experience, and that his determination not to move too fast in the late 1950s and early 1960s in terms of socioeconomic reform was based on his memories of a previous stint in power when his reforms were judged to have gone too far.
Ciertamente, el espiritu de Tamayo toco el alma de hombres como Romulo Betancourt y el Dr.
En los sesenta, Simon Alberto Consalvi era embajador de Venezuela en Yugoslavia, adonde lo habia enviado el presidente Romulo Betancourt para enfriar un poco al anomalo monsieur Teste, ganado por lo que Cabrera Infante llamo la contagiosa "castroenteritis"--"y vaya si me la enfrio", lei que decia con humor en Contra el olvido, un libro de conversaciones elaborado por Ramon Hernandez, que es como su autobiografia--.
Nesse interim, casos pontuais podem ser observados, a exemplo dos governos de Carlos Andres Perez (1974-1979 e 1989-1993) e Romulo Betancourt (1959-1964) que, ainda sendo democraticos, manifestavam essas caracteristicas de lider carismatico e populista.
La dictadura militar, correspondiente a la Serie Antologica Historia Contemporanea de Venezuela, una iniciativa llevada a cabo por la fundacion que lleva por eponimo a uno de los primeros democratas de la segunda mitad del siglo XX en Venezuela, Romulo Betancourt.
The Thought and Work of Romulo Betancourt and Industrial Relations in Venezuela (1945-1948/1959-1964)
However, relations with Washington soured after it was revealed that Trujillo was behind the assassination attempt on the president of Venezuela, Romulo Betancourt.
Y esa es la prueba definitiva que hizo a este intelectual lo que es: toda su vida y obra ocurriran en ese espacio de ida y vuelta, entre varios paises latinoamericanos y Estados unidos, espacio desarraigado pero propio del oficio intelectual y la independencia de un hombre cuyas adhesiones politicas estaban con la izquierda reformista de Romulo Betancourt, esa corriente modernizadora y renovadora, que buscaba promediar entre el conservadurismo y el marxismo, con vocacion continental y fe en los desarrollos nacionales.