Roshani


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Roshani

 

the name used in the literature for a popular movement of the Pashtoons (Afghans) against the empire of the Great Moguls and Afghan feudal nobility. The movement was headed by the Muslim Roshani sect, whose name derives from the founder of the sect and leader of the movement, Bayazid Ansari, also known as Pir Roshan. The Roshani movement lasted from about 1560 to 1638. It took the form of a popular war against oppressors and was directed against the seizure of communal lands by the Afghan feudal lords, who were supported by the Great Moguls. The movement sought the liquidation of the privileges of the khans and ulama. The Roshanis advocated the establishment of a kingdom of justice and equality. They took and divided up the lands and property of the feudal lords. The Roshani forces defeated the troops of the Great Moguls and the Afghan feudal lords several times; they blocked the roads between Kabul and India, laid siege to Peshawar, and in 1610 took the city of Ghazni.

After the death of Bayazid Ansari in 1585, the struggle was led by his successors, including Jalaluddin and Abdulkhadir. The Roshani movement was crushed by the Great Moguls with great difficulty. It had a considerable influence on the development of the Afghan state and Afghan culture and contributed to the ethnic consolidation of the Afghans.

REFERENCES

Reisner, I. M. Razvitie feodalizma i obrazovanie gosudarstva u afgantsev. Moscow, 1954.
Aslanov, M. G. “Narodnoe dvizhenie roshani i ego otrazhenie ν afgan-skoi literature 16–17 vv.” Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, 1955, no. 5.
Masson, V. M., and V. A. Romodin. Istoriia Afganistana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. Pages 33–48.
The National Awakening of Roashans. Kabul, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
The US statesmen always talk about their options on the table, while they do not know the great Iranian nation that has on many occasions prevented the West from achieving its ominous goals; yet, the West has not withdrawn its animosity and plots against the Iranians and it will fail again," Brigadier General Roshani said.
Compare also Pashto pezna 'sieve' < *pativaicana, and Shughni parwej- 'to sow, sift', parwiz- 'to sift', Parachi paric-, Roshani parwizd, Yazghulami parwij < *pariwaica.
In group 'G', Al Mousawi lost his last game 0-4 to Ali Roshani Kia of Iran.
IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS Alexander Crane * Joel Matthew Gascoigne * Tristan Last DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE WITH HONOURS IN BIOCHEMISTRY Adenike Adebiyi Lawrence Peter Andrews Katie Anne Baker Perry James Dominic Bateman Laura Condie Oliver Cooper Richard Douglas Harry Dando Khalil Daniel Daswani John Dorian * Rachel Margaret Evans Rachel Elizabeth George Graham Higgins Sheng Hong Cathy Ann Johnson Delene Kaur Kang Janna Lawrence * Oliver Charles Llewellyn-Jones Tom Connochie Masters Elizabeth Naylor * Lisa Audrey Norman Roshani Patel James Patrick Quigley * Andrew Robertson * Sonal Samtani Michael Sathiakanthan Thomas Sayer Darren Thomas Stubbs Elizabeth Ann Underwood * Kelly Lucas Walker Arumuyam Sutharsanan Yathurshan .
As a daughter of Kris, the dual-winning Roshani is bred along similar lines to Fillies' Triple Crown winner Oh So Sharp, who appears under her second dam.
Regarding "The Need for Statutory Change to the Right to Terminate Residential Leases" by Roshani M.
Coventry's Roshani Mann won two games in the fifth team's 13-2 defeat to Worcestershire's thirds.
Brown, an ARS plant geneticist at Prosser; Joanne Holden, an ARS biological science technician there; and research associates Roshani Shakya, at Washington State University, and Aymeric Goyer, at Oregon State University.
p] [greater than or equal to] 10, as in our tests (Foumeny and Roshani, 1991).
Three of the 18 defendants in the serial killings trial --Ali Roshani, Mahamoud Jafarzadeh and Ali Mohseni -- were sentenced to death by Judge Mohammad Reza Aqiqi; five, including mid-level intelligence officials Mostafa Kazemi and Mehrdad Alikhani, who prosecutors said gave the orders to kill, were given life imprisonment; seven got terms ranging from two-and-a-half years to 10 years; and three were acquitted.
These are the Iqra Pilot Project and the Nai Roshani Schools.