Rossetti, Gabriele

Rossetti, Gabriele

(gäbrēĕ`lā rōsĕt`ē), 1783–1854, Italian poet and critic; father of Dante Gabriel RossettiRossetti, Dante Gabriel
, 1828–82, English poet and painter; son of Gabriele Rossetti and brother of Christina Rossetti. He was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelites. In addition to attending the Royal Academy he studied painting briefly with Ford Madox Brown.
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 and of Christina RossettiRossetti, Christina Georgina
, 1830–94, English poet; daughter of Gabriele Rossetti and sister of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Publication of some of her poems in her brother William's magazine the Germ was her only contribution to Pre-Raphaelite activities.
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. Exiled in 1821, he fled first to Malta, where he stayed for three years, and then to England, where he lived until his death. There he wrote patriotic and liberal verse in Italian and a curious study attempting to show that Dante had written as spokesman for a vast, secret, ritualistic society opposed to tyranny. He was professor of Italian at King's College, London, from 1831 until he retired in 1845. His long romantic poem Il veggente in solitudine [the seer in solitude] was published in 1846 and his autobiography in 1849.

Bibliography

See R. D. Waller, The Rossetti Family (1932).

Rossetti, Gabriele

 

Born Feb. 28, 1783, in Vasto, Abruz-zi; died Apr. 24, 1854, in London. Italian poet.

During the revolution of 1820–21 in Naples, Rossetti wrote the anthem “You are beautiful with the stars in your hair.” After the revolution was defeated he fled, settling in England in 1824. Rossetti responded to political events in Italy with impassioned songs and poems. Some of his works are permeated with mystic religiosity, including the treatise On the Antipapal Spirit (1832) and the collection of poems God and Man, a Psalter (1833). Rossetti’s Analytic Commentary on the Divine Comedy (1826) treated Dante’s work as an allegory advocating church reform.

WORKS

Poesie di G. Rossetti. Florence, 1861; 2nd ed., 1879.
Poesie politiche. Rome, 1891.
Opere inedite e rare. Lanciano, 1910.

REFERENCE

Giannantonio, P. Bibliografia di G. Rossetti (1806–1958). Florence [1959].
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