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Rottweiler(rŏt`wīlər), breed of sturdy working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
..... Click the link for more information. developed from a Roman cattle dog introduced into S Germany more than 1,900 years ago. It stands from 21 3-4 to 27 in. (55.3–68.6 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 75 to 90 lb (34.0–40.8 kg). Its short, flat-lying, coarse coat is black with markings ranging in shade from tan to mahogany on the cheeks, muzzle, chest, and legs and over both eyes. The tail is docked close to the body. Named for the German township of Rottweil, a livestock center in the Middle Ages, the Rottweiler was used both as a cattle drover and as a guardian of traveling merchants. When the driving of cattle by dogs was outlawed in Germany at the turn of the 20th cent., the Rottweiler was used as a draft animal and, increasingly, as a police dog. Its police-dog ability saved the breed from extinction. Today the breed is still much used in police work and is also raised as a pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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a breed of working dog. The Rottweiler is descended from ancient mastiff-like dogs of Asia. The modern breed was developed in the early 20th century in Germany. The Rottweiler is a large, ruggedly built dog with a massive head. The males stand 65–68 cm high at the shoulder, and the females, 60–65 cm. The coat is short, straight, and black, with bright reddish-yellow markings. The tail is docked. Rottweilers are raised mainly in European countries and are used as guard dogs and tracking dogs. There are few of them in the USSR.