Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph

Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph

 

Born May 10, 1760, in Lons-le-Saunier; died June 26 or 27, 1836, at Choisy-le-Roi. French poet and composer.

The son of a lawyer, Rouget de Lisle served as a military engineer. As a captain in the Army of the Rhine, he was in Strasbourg when France declared war on Austria (1792) as the latter was preparing an intervention. Inspired by the patriotism of the people, who rose in defense of their revolutionary fatherland, Rouget de Lisle composed Le Chant de guerre pour l’armée du Rhin (War Song for the Army of the Rhine); the melody and text were printed at once and later orchestrated by F. J. Gossec. The song reached Marseille, where it acquired the title of Marche des Marseillais (March of the Men of Marseille) or La Marseillaise. It was adopted as the national anthem of France in 1795.

Rouget de Lisle’s song Roland à Roncesvaux was also popular and was the source of a slogan of the revolutionaries of 1848. The composer’s other works included Essais en vers et en prose (Essays in Verse and Prose, 1796), the libretto for the comic opera Jacquot, ou L’École des mères (Jacquot, or the School for Mothers, 1798, in collaboration with C. E. Després), the drama Macbeth (1827), and collections of art songs (1796).

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Ob iskusstve, vol. 1. Moscow, 1967. Pages 513–14.
Tiersot, J. Pesni i prazdnestva frantsuzskoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 81–92. (Translated from French.)
Rabinovich, L. S. “Neizvestnyi variant ‘Marsel’ezy’ ν russkom notnom al’bome.” In his book Izbr. stat’i imaterialy. Moscow, 1959.
Thorez, M. ‘Marsel’eza.’ In his book Izbr. proizv., vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Velikovskii, S. Poety frantsuzskikh revoliutsii 1789–1848. Moscow, 1963.
Zweig, S. Genii odnoi nochi. Moscow, 1964.
Henry-Rosier, M. Rouget de Lisle, 6th ed. Paris [1937].
Gel, F. lnternacionà la a Marseillaisa. Prague, 1952.

L. M. STEPACHEV

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