Royal Academy of Arts

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Royal Academy of Arts,

London, the national academy of artacademies of art,
official organizations of established artists. Lorenzo de' Medici's informal circle of great artists and thinkers was modeled on similar groups formed in classical Greece.
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 of England, founded in 1768 by George III at the instigation of Sir William Chambers and Benjamin West. Sir Joshua ReynoldsReynolds, Sir Joshua,
1723–92, English portrait painter, b. Devonshire. Long considered historically the most important of England's painters, by his learned example he raised the artist to a position of respect in England.
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 was the Academy's first president, holding the office until his death in 1792. His Discourses defined the scope of the Academy. The king himself chose the original 36 Academicians and fixed the number at 40. Until 1867 their successors were elected by the Academicians only and since that date by the Academicians and associates, whose number was increased from 20 to 30 in 1876, together. Since its inception the Academy, a notably conservative body, has maintained biennial exhibitions—one being of the works of masters of the past and one of contemporary art; has maintained a free school (women students have been admitted only since 1861); and has administered funds (partly derived from its exhibitions) for the relief of distressed artists and their families and for prizes and scholarships. In 1867 the academy was given a lease of 999 years on Burlington House and the adjoining gardens, where its galleries and school have since been erected.


See W. R. M. Lamb, The Royal Academy (2d ed. 1952).

References in periodicals archive ?
During the ceremony, Royal Academy of Police Commander Colonel Dr Shaikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, also addressed the officers where he emphasised the importance of high quality training so that they can meet the challenges faced in their future careers.
The Royal Academy Schools is situated in the heart of the Royal Academy and is the only free three-year postgraduate art course in the UK.
The Royal Academy of Engineering Enterprise Hub has been created to bring about a step change in the success of UK-based entrepreneurial technology businesses, harnessing the expertise and insight of Academy Fellows.
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The author uses a day-by-day narrative format for the months before, during, and after the creation of the Royal Academy of Arts in London in 1768.
On the other hand, the John Madejski Fine Rooms will display creations celebrating the long-standing connection between the monarchy and the Royal Academy from its foundation in 1768 to the present day.
ROYAL ACADEMY, who was put down last week aged 25, was never a leading light of the Coolmore roster during a period that was dominated by Sadler's Wells and Danehill, but few stallions have exerted such a wide-reaching influence.
Yorkshire-born Hockney, 74, whose major exhibition of landscapes opens at the Royal Academy this month, told the Radio Times that it was "insulting" for an artist to employ others to make their creations.
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It is disheartening to note that the Royal Academy of Engineering made Sir James Dyson a fellow, despite the fact that he has no engineering science training but rather studied art and design and furniture and interior design.
Kyle Richardson, 22, has won a coveted place at the Royal Academy of Music where he will do an intensive two-year vocal studies course, which he hopes will lead to a career as a professional operatic singer.