Royal Academy of Arts

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Related to Royal Academy of Arts: British Museum, National gallery

Royal Academy of Arts,

London, the national academy of artacademies of art,
official organizations of established artists. Lorenzo de' Medici's informal circle of great artists and thinkers was modeled on similar groups formed in classical Greece.
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 of England, founded in 1768 by George III at the instigation of Sir William Chambers and Benjamin West. Sir Joshua ReynoldsReynolds, Sir Joshua,
1723–92, English portrait painter, b. Devonshire. Long considered historically the most important of England's painters, by his learned example he raised the artist to a position of respect in England.
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 was the Academy's first president, holding the office until his death in 1792. His Discourses defined the scope of the Academy. The king himself chose the original 36 Academicians and fixed the number at 40. Until 1867 their successors were elected by the Academicians only and since that date by the Academicians and associates, whose number was increased from 20 to 30 in 1876, together. Since its inception the Academy, a notably conservative body, has maintained biennial exhibitions—one being of the works of masters of the past and one of contemporary art; has maintained a free school (women students have been admitted only since 1861); and has administered funds (partly derived from its exhibitions) for the relief of distressed artists and their families and for prizes and scholarships. In 1867 the academy was given a lease of 999 years on Burlington House and the adjoining gardens, where its galleries and school have since been erected.


See W. R. M. Lamb, The Royal Academy (2d ed. 1952).

References in periodicals archive ?
The author uses a day-by-day narrative format for the months before, during, and after the creation of the Royal Academy of Arts in London in 1768.
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The Royal Academy of Arts has arguably the best spaces in London to do it in and so following the opening in Vicenza the exhibition will come to London at the end of January 2009.
A former consultant to London's Royal Academy of Arts, Sutton will focus his drawing workshops on portraiture in the style of Picasso during the two-day event to be held tomorrow and Thursday.
CONTROVERSIAL artist Tracey Emin and Britain's prestigious Royal Academy of Arts are being probed by anti-porn detectives.
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