Rubia


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Rubia

 

(madder), a genus of plants of the family Rubiaceae. They are perennial grasses, subshrubs, or low shrubs. The leaves are simple and decussate, with interpetiolate stipules that resemble leaves. The small flowers are in axillary or terminal cymes, which are frequently gathered in paniculate or, less frequently, racemose inflorescences. There are about 55 species in the temperate zones of Asia and the Mediterranean region. A few species are found in Central Europe and in Africa, and about 15 species are encountered in Central and South America. There are 20 species in the USSR, primarily in Middle Asia. The underground organs of certain species yield dyes. Madder (Rubia tinctorum) has been cultivated since antiquity for its bright and durable color, which, depending on its processing, can dye fabrics red, violet, orange, canary yellow, or other colors. Since the discovery in the 1860’s of synthetic alizarin, madder has been cultivated only in a few Asian countries, where it is used to dye carpets.

References in periodicals archive ?
MEN'S 'B+': Leo Rubia beat Norman Rabot 7-5, 6-4; Pradeep Nathoo beat Vicente Ramos 6-1, 6-4; Mohammed Haroon beat Billy Ampong 6-1, 6-0; Deo Babaran beat Jerry Mauhay 6-1, 6-0; Mark Enriquez beat Ariel Montillano 6-4, 4-6, 10-5.
4] Bulgakov VP, Tchernoded GK, Mischenko NP, Khodakovskaya MV, Glazunov VP, Radchenko SV, Zvereva EV, Fedoreyev SA & Zhuravlev YN (2002) Effect of salicylic acid, methyl jasmonate, ethephon and cantharidin on anthraquinone production by Rubia cordifolia callus cultures transformed with the rolB and rolC genes.
Transcendental Meditation has also been the subject of numerous studies, but Rubia does not include TM in her review.
In the autumn break of 2005, Rubia was just a normal class IV student who dreamt of making it big one day so that she could turn the sagging fortunes of her family.
Crespi's Blake Stanton scored 13 points with nine assists, Justin Rubia added 13 points, and Mounier scored 11.
si se pudiera decir: yo vieron subir la luna, o: nos duele el fondo de los ojos, y sobre todo asi: tu la mujer rubia eran las nubes que siguen corriendo delante de mis tus sus nuestros vuestros sus rostros.
CRRT is increasingly becoming an option for the treatment of ARF and, more recently, for other conditions (Dunham, 2001; Herrera, Daga, Seller, Garcia, De la Rubia, & Ruiz del Fresno, 2000; Marshall, Ma, Galler, Rankin, & Williams, 2004; O'Reilly & Tolwani; Ronco, Bellomo, & Zaccaria, 2001; Ronco et al.
Under the artistic direction of Rubia Matignon, this show brings Edith Piaf to life.
Then, a cow by the name of Rubia was led onto the pitch and an expectant crowd were left waiting to see which square would be (shall we say) fertilised.
Club officials let heifer Rubia loose last Sunday, and when it fertilised square 4,279 the owner won a Seat Leon car.