Rudyard Kipling


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Kipling, Rudyard,

1865–1936, English author, b. Bombay (now Mumbai), India. Educated in England, Kipling returned to India in 1882 and worked as an editor on a Lahore paper. His early poems were collected in Departmental Ditties (1886), Barrack-Room Ballads (1892), and other volumes. His first short stories of Anglo-Indian life appeared in Plain Tales from the Hills (1888) and Soldiers Three (1888). In 1889 he returned to London, where his novel The Light That Failed (1890) appeared. Kipling's masterful stories and poems interpreted India in all its heat, strife, and ennui. His romantic imperialism and his characterization of the true Englishman as brave, conscientious, and self-reliant did much to enhance his popularity. These views are reflected in such well-known poems as "The White Man's Burden," "Loot," "Mandalay," "Gunga Din," and Recessional (1897).

In London in 1892, he married Caroline Balestier, an American, and lived in Vermont for four years. There he wrote children's stories, The Jungle Book (1894) and Second Jungle Book (1895), Kim (1901), Just So Stories (1902), and Captains Courageous (1897). Returning to England in 1900, he lived in Sussex, the setting of Puck of Pook's Hill (1906). Other works include Stalky and Co. (1899) and his famous poem "If" (1910). England's first Nobel Prize winner in literature (1907), he is buried in Westminster Abbey.

Bibliography

See his Something of Myself (1937); biographies by J. I. M. Stewart (1966), J. Harrison (1982), H. Ricketts (2000), and D. Gilmour (2002); studies by J. M. S. Tompkins (2d ed. 1965), V. A. Shashane (1973), R. F. Moss (1982), P. Mallett, ed. (1989), and W. B. Dillingham (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
Rudyard Kipling, one of our greatest heroes, wrote The White Man's Burden, in which he wrote it was incumbent on the Americans to go and civilise the savages in the Philippines.
Grant agrees with Rudyard Kipling, who wrote, "there are two types of men: those who stay at home and those who do not," with the caveat that "men" has to be expanded to "people.
Content is also the home where the writer Rudyard Kipling spent his summers.
Born of expatriate parents in Bombay, India, in 1865, Rudyard Kipling was the first English author to win the Nobel Prize for literature.
David Gilmour, The Long Recessional: The Imperial Life of Rudyard Kipling (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002), xiii + 351 pp.
When we were seated at the table and conversation was in full swing, my partner called my attention to a short dark-haired man of uncertain age, with a heavy moustache and wearing very thick glasses, who sat opposite, saying: 'That is Rudyard Kipling, who has just come from Lahore to be on the staff of the Pi.
David Gilmour, La vida imperial de Rudyard Kipling, Seix Barral, Barcelona, 2003, 447 PP.
Some selections are by well-known authors, such as Robert Louis Stevenson and Rudyard Kipling, and others are by relatively unknown children's authors.
Rudyard Kipling to Rider Haggard: The Record of a Friendship.
But everyone now knows Rudyard Kipling, even if it's only because they have seen the Disney cartoon of The Jungle Book.
Rudyard Kipling and his wife Carrie reportedly spent much of their last years in an unsuccessful attempt to find his body, but in 1992 the War Graves Commission said that it had established that a previously unidentified lieutenant buried at St Mary's military cemetery in Loos, France was Kipling's son.
Whether he is writing on the Hebron massacre or the fight for Palestinian self-determination, on Jane Austen or Rudyard Kipling, Said's uncompromising intelligence casts urgent light on every subject he tackles.