Rudyard Kipling


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Kipling, Rudyard,

1865–1936, English author, b. Bombay (now Mumbai), India. Educated in England, Kipling returned to India in 1882 and worked as an editor on a Lahore paper. His early poems were collected in Departmental Ditties (1886), Barrack-Room Ballads (1892), and other volumes. His first short stories of Anglo-Indian life appeared in Plain Tales from the Hills (1888) and Soldiers Three (1888). In 1889 he returned to London, where his novel The Light That Failed (1890) appeared. Kipling's masterful stories and poems interpreted India in all its heat, strife, and ennui. His romantic imperialism and his characterization of the true Englishman as brave, conscientious, and self-reliant did much to enhance his popularity. These views are reflected in such well-known poems as "The White Man's Burden," "Loot," "Mandalay," "Gunga Din," and Recessional (1897).

In London in 1892, he married Caroline Balestier, an American, and lived in Vermont for four years. There he wrote children's stories, The Jungle Book (1894) and Second Jungle Book (1895), Kim (1901), Just So Stories (1902), and Captains Courageous (1897). Returning to England in 1900, he lived in Sussex, the setting of Puck of Pook's Hill (1906). Other works include Stalky and Co. (1899) and his famous poem "If" (1910). England's first Nobel Prize winner in literature (1907), he is buried in Westminster Abbey.

Bibliography

See his Something of Myself (1937); biographies by J. I. M. Stewart (1966), J. Harrison (1982), H. Ricketts (2000), and D. Gilmour (2002); studies by J. M. S. Tompkins (2d ed. 1965), V. A. Shashane (1973), R. F. Moss (1982), P. Mallett, ed. (1989), and W. B. Dillingham (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
says the poem British author and poet Rudyard Kipling has stayed with him ever since being introduced to it in the sixth grade.
In his memoir Something of Myself, Rudyard Kipling disdained biography as the "Higher Cannibalism" and hoped that future writers would study his works and not his life when writing about him.
3) Martin Fido, Rudyard Kipling (London: Hamlyn, 1974), p.
Some selections are by well-known authors, such as Robert Louis Stevenson and Rudyard Kipling, and others are by relatively unknown children's authors.
But everyone now knows Rudyard Kipling, even if it's only because they have seen the Disney cartoon of The Jungle Book.
Rudyard Kipling and his wife Carrie reportedly spent much of their last years in an unsuccessful attempt to find his body, but in 1992 the War Graves Commission said that it had established that a previously unidentified lieutenant buried at St Mary's military cemetery in Loos, France was Kipling's son.
Whether he is writing on the Hebron massacre or the fight for Palestinian self-determination, on Jane Austen or Rudyard Kipling, Said's uncompromising intelligence casts urgent light on every subject he tackles.
Eliot, Rudyard Kipling, or Mencken, he is often addressing ideological adversaries.
His pictures are funnily fond, and only a few degrees dottier than the dottiest of Rudyard Kipling and H.
In "Humanism and Modern Political Thought," James Hankins describes the adaptation of Leonardo Bruni's originally republican thought to the development of oligarchy in Florence and calls him "the Rudyard Kipling of the Florentine empire.
Why go all that distance when, with a little imagination, they could prove that Rudyard Kipling was just horsing around when he wrote, "East is East, and West is West, and never the twain shall meet"?
If blood be the price of admiralty,' wrote Rudyard Kipling, `Lord God we ha' paid in full.