Rumanian-Hungarian Treaty of 1972 on Friendship, Cooperation, and
Rumanian-Hungarian Treaty of 1972 on Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance
a treaty signed on Feb. 24, 1972, in Bucharest by I. G. Maurer, chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Socialist Republic of Rumania, and J. Fock, chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People’s Republic. The treaty was concluded for 20 years.
In framing the treaty, the two parties were guided by the principles and goals of the UN Charter, taking into account the experience of the Socialist Republic of Rumania and the Hungarian People’s Republic in socialist construction, and adhering to the principles of socialist internationalism, sovereignty and independence, equality, noninterference in each other’s domestic affairs, mutual advantage, and comradely aid. Rumania and Hungary agreed to strengthen the friendship and all-round cooperation between the two countries, to expand economic, scientific, and technological cooperation, and to promote economic integration between the states belonging to the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and other socialist countries. They also agreed to develop cooperation in science, culture, journalism, radio and television broadcasting, filmmaking, tourism, and public health, and to support cooperation between public organizations.
Both sides pledged to strengthen the unity and cohesion of the world socialist system with a view to ensuring progress and peace and to make every effort to improve the situation in Europe, ensure security and a lasting peace, and promote cooperation and good neighbor relations between European states. Noting that one of the major preconditions for European security was the inviolability of borders, the two countries resolved to ensure, in conformity with the Warsaw Pact of 1955, the inviolability of the boundaries of the countries adhering to the pact.
Both sides declared that they would pursue a policy of peaceful coexistence between states with different social systems, would continue their efforts to bring about general and total disarmament and the final abolition of colonialism, neocolonialism, and racial discrimination in all forms, and would support the countries that have freed themselves from colonial rule and are striving to strengthen their sovereignty and national independence. In case of an armed attack by any state or group of states, the two countries will immediately render each other all possible assistance, including military aid, at once notifying the UN Security Council of the steps they have taken.
PUBLICATIONSScînteia, 1972, 25 February.
Népszabadság, 1972, 25 February.
E. M. ZAITSEV