Rumiantsev Museum

Rumiantsev Museum

 

a collection of books, manuscripts, coins, and ethnographic and other materials assembled by Count N. P. Rumiantsev and given to the state after his death in 1826. The collection was opened for viewing in St. Petersburg in 1831 and was moved in 1861 to Moscow, where it formed the nucleus of the newly created Moscow Public Museum and Rumiantsev Museum. In July 1862 a library was founded as part of the Rumiantsev Museum.

The Rumiantsev Museum was in the Pashkov House, which was built in the 1780’s by the architect V. I. Bazhenov and which is now the old building of the Lenin State Library of the USSR. The museum was one of the most popular cultural and educational establishments in Moscow. However, its subdivisions—particularly the library, picture gallery, and ethnographic museum—grew so large that by the early 20th century, the museum suffered from a lack of space. Over the period 1921–27, the museum’s collections, with the exception of the library and manuscript division, were transferred to other museums and picture galleries in Moscow. In 1925 the library was renamed the Lenin State Library of the USSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Russian State Library, formerly known as the Lenin Library and, prior to 1925, as the Rumiantsev Museum Library, bears witness to a long and interesting history, having survived war, revolution, and the political and social upheavals that often accompany such events.
The Russian State Library began as the book and manuscript collections of the Rumiantsev Museum, which opened to the public in St.
The financial situation of the Rumiantsev Museum and Library did not improve after its transfer to Moscow in 1861.
69) served as the guiding force in moving the Rumiantsev Museum from St.
The government placed the Rumiantsev Museum under the administrative control of the St.
Stasov, an employee of the Public Library, wrote about the extremely poor shape of the Rumiantsev Museum.
36) Luckily for the Rumiantsev Museum and the people of Moscow, Odoevsky and the government supported the fourth option, and transferred the collections to Moscow in 1861 (37) In Moscow, out of the shadow of the St.
The following year, he began working in the Rumiantsev Museum as a clerk and junior curator in the Department of Russian Antiquities.
During the chaotic period of the Russian revolutions and civil war (1917-22), the Rumiantsev Museum Library benefited from Got'e's guidance and common-sense approach to working with the new Bolshevik government that came to power under Vladimir I.
The cooperation of the Rumiantsev Museum Library with the Soviet government contrasted starkly with the oppositional stance of the Petrograd Public Library.