However, following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, the SALT II
Treaty was not ratified and never entered into force.
Because they put a premium on striking first, MIRVs were seen as inherently destabilising and were limited in the SALT II
treaty, the second major strategic arms limitation treaty signed in 1979.
1 Brezhnev and Carter signed the SALT II
arms treaty 2 Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran after 14 years of exile 3 Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister 4 Richard Rodgers and John Wayne died wordwise The word may sound familiar, but what does it mean?
President Carter enjoyed some successes, especially the Panama Canal treaty, the Camp David Accords, and SALT II
Between those two accords, Nitze helped sabotage ratification of a SALT II
But, he added, he would "offer his views" to the contrary: "I mean, people, honorable people, can come to different views, and I did with respect to SALT II
There were important successes (Camp David, the forging of normal relations with the People's Republic of China, the transition to majority rule in Zimbabwe, the negotiation of the Panama Canal treaty, and the negotiation of SALT II
were among them), and it was a policy that was intentionally flexible, nonideological, and responsive.
The ratification of SALT II
has been stalled, and progress towards SALT III has been slowed.
Tommy Boggs, a Washington lawyer--who has lobbied on behalf of such clients as Chrysler, General Motors, and BCCI and who, until recently, employed the new Commerce secretary, Ron Brown--did some free lobbying for the Carter administration on the Panama Canal treaty and SALT II
Still, the Panama Canal victory was a pyrrhic one for Carter and did nothing to strengthen domestic support for his foreign policy leadership or the subsequent SALT II
David Skidmore, in his study of the domestic struggle over arms control, in particular the SALT II
treaty, explores why proponents of arms control failed to produce a counterweight to the massive campaign of Cold War hardliners, and suggests how his results could be generalized.
In this regard, he refers to the failure of the SALT II
Treaty to achieve ratification, in 1979.